Battle of Buxar - Modern Indian History

Battle of Buxar - Modern Indian History
Posted on 01-06-2022

Battle of Buxar

Battle of Buxar: - The Battle of Buxar took place on October 22, 1764, between the Nawab of Bengal, Mirkasim, and the British. In the battle of Buxar, the armies of Nawab Mirkasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh, and Mughal emperor Shah Alam II fought jointly against the British.

In the Battle of Plassey on June 23, 1757, Mir Jafar, the commander of the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj -ud-Daulah, betrayed and joined the British, due to which the British won the war and sentenced Siraj-ud-Daulah to death, and appointed Mir Jafar as the Nawab of Bengal. Mir Jafar was just a puppet of the British, who used to do the work according to the British. But when he could not fulfill the arbitrary and increasing demands of the British, then his son-in-law Mirkasim was made the Nawab of Bengal by removing him.

Mirkasim was also a puppet of the British like Mir Jafar, he had also given many exemptions and rights to the British, but shortly after Mirkasim became the Nawab, due to misuse of the rights given by him by the British, there was a dispute between Mirkasim and the British. It hurt. As a result, the battle of  Buxar took place on 22 October 1764 AD.

On October 22, 1764, the Battle of  Buxar was fought between the British and the combined forces of Nawab Mirkasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh, and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II. The English army was led by Major Hector MunroThe British won in this war and the whole of Bengal became under the British both sides had a treaty at Allahabad, and as a result of this treaty, the British were given heavy fines, and BiharBengal, and Odisha actually came under the British. Gone. Simultaneously,  Mir Jafar was again made the Nawab.

Shortly after the Battle of Buxar, Najmuddola became the Nawab of Bengal, which was only Nawab in name, he was completely dependent on the directions of the British. This was the reason that from 1765 AD to 1772 AD ' Dual system of administration ' ran in Bengal, in which the East India Company of the British had the right to collect tax or revenue, while the right of power and governance was with the Nawab. . Due to this dual system of administration, the British exploited Bengal to the fullest with both hands. Due to this, there was a severe famine in Bengal in 1770 AD and about one-third of the people of Bengal got absorbed in the trough of time.

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