Describe the town plan of the Indus Valley Civilization
Describe the town planning of the Indus Valley Civilization: The town planning of the Indus Valley Civilization was the biggest feature of the Indus Civilization. Many features are seen in the Indus Civilization, such as networked roads and abuses, well-planned drainage system and use of pucca bricks. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because the first remains of this civilization were found from Harappa.
Describe the town planning of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Civilization?
The description of the city plan of the Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Civilization is as follows –
- In the Indus Valley Civilization or the Harappan Civilization, the roads and houses of the city were built in a well-planned manner. Paved bricks were used to build houses .
- The bricks of the Indus Valley were made in a certain proportion. Most of the bricks were of rectangular shape. The ratio of length, breadth and thickness of brick was 4 : 2 : 1.
- The city was divided into two parts, one part was smaller but built on the height, then the other part of the city was built much larger but lower. The upper part has been named fort and the lower part is named as the lower city . The fort was built on a platform of raw bricks, so it was high.
- The fort was surrounded by a wall which means it was separated from the lower city.
- The fort had food storehouses, important workshops, religious buildings and public buildings. People used to live in the lower part.
- The most unique feature of the Harappan cities was its drainage system .
- Roads and streets were built in a grid system (Jalnuma). The roads were straight and intersected each other at right angles.
- It seems that first the abuses were made along the drains and then houses were built next to them.
- The drains were covered with bricks and stones. In whose construction mainly bricks and mortar were used, but in some places the use of gypsum is also found.
- The doors and windows of the Indus Valley Civilization did not open towards the road and open backwards. But this is not found in Lothal.
- The bathroom in the house was mainly built near the street or road.
- A huge bathhouse was found at Mohenjodaro which was 11.88 m (39 ft) long, 7.01 m (23 ft) wide and 2.43 m (8 ft) deep. Possibly this bathhouse was used for ceremonial bathing.