Introduction of Rajasthan - Rajasthan GK (General Knowledge) in English

Introduction of Rajasthan - Rajasthan GK (General Knowledge) in English
Posted on 16-12-2022

Introduction of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is the largest state in our country in terms of area. On November 1, 2000, Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh, and from that day Rajasthan became the largest state in the country.

The total area of Rajasthan is 3,42,239 sq. km. Is. Which is 10.41 percent of the country. If Rajasthan is compared in terms of area - Rajasthan is five times bigger than Sri Lanka, three times bigger than Czechoslovakia, seventeen times bigger than Israel, and more than twice bigger than England. Rajasthan is just a little smaller than Japan.

Rajput kingdoms began to rise in the Rajasthani region after the sixth century. Due to the predominance of Rajput states, it came to be known as Rajputana.

In the Vedic period, Rajasthan has been called 'Brahmavart' in Rigveda and Valmiki has called Rajasthan state 'Marukantar' in Ramayana. The earliest use of the word Rajasthan is found in the Vasantgarh (Sirohi) inscription of 'Rajasthaniyaditya' in VI Samvat 682. After that, the word Rajasthan has been used in Muhnot Nainsi's fame and Rajrupak. But this word is not used for this part of Rajputana.

In 1800 AD, George Thomas, a resident of Orland, gave the noun 'Rajputana' for this part of Rajasthan. This is mentioned in William Franklin's book “Military Memoirs Of Mr. George Thomas”.

Colonel James Tod called this state "Raithan" because in local literature and colloquial the province of residence of kings was called 'Raithan'. In the 19th century, Colonel James Todd used the word Rajasthan in his book "Annals and Attitudes of Rajasthan". Another name of this book is "The Central and Western Rajput States of India".

This book was translated into Hindi for the first time by Gaurishankar Hirachand Ojha, a famous historian of Rajasthan. This is called "Analysis of Ancient Rajasthan" in Hindi. Colonel James Todd was the Political Agent in Mewar (Udaipur) province between 1818-1821. He wrote history by roaming around on his horse, hence Colonel James Dad is also known as Ghode Wala Baba.

Greater Rajasthan was formed on March 30, 1949, after the merger of four major princely states – Jaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, and Bikaner. Since then March 30 is celebrated as 'Rajasthan Day'.

On January 26, 1950, the name of this state was formally accepted as Rajasthan.

The first Rajpramukh of the state was Maharaja Sawai Mansingh of Jaipur and the first Prime Minister (Chief Minister) Mr. Hiralal Shastri. After the general elections held in 1952, Shri Tikaram Paliwal became the first elected Chief Minister.

After the state reorganization on 1 November 1956, the post of Rajpramukh was abolished and the post of Governor was created. Sardar Gurmukh Nihal Singh became the first governor of the state (Chief Minister Mr. Mohanlal Sukhadia).

In 2011, the total population of Rajasthan was 68,548,437, which is 5.67 percent of the country's population.

Question: Who among the following took oath as the Chief Minister of Rajasthan for the third time on 17 December 2018?
(a) Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
(b) Ashok Gehlot
(c) Tarun Tejpal
(d) Sachin Pilot
Answer: Ashok Gehlot

Ashok Gehlot took oath as the 22nd Chief Minister of Rajasthan. Governor Kalyan Singh administered him the oath. He has become the Chief Minister of Rajasthan for the third time. Sachin Pilot took oath as Deputy Chief Minister with him. Congress President Rahul Gandhi and former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh were present at the function. Former Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje also attended. Leaders of 12 parties of the possible grand alliance were seen in the swearing-in. Ashok Gehlot became the Chief Minister for the first time in 1998. Then his age was 47. After this, in 2008, he got the command of power.

Location, extent, shape, and physical form of Rajasthan

Relative to the equator, Rajasthan is located in the northern hemisphere.

Rajasthan is located in the eastern hemisphere relative to the Greenwich Tropic.

Rajasthan is located in the northern and eastern hemispheres relative to both the Green Veche and the equator.

The state of Rajasthan has situated in the north-western part of India between 230 3' to 300 12' north latitude (extension 70 9') and 690 30' to 780 17' east longitude (extension 80 47').

The latitudinal interval of Rajasthan - 709'

The longitudinal interval of Rajasthan - 8047'

Extension - Length from north to south is 826 km. m. And it extends from Kona village (Ganganagar) in the north to Borkund village (Kushalgarh, Banswara) in the south.

The width from east to west is 869 km. m. And the extension is from Silana village (Rajkheda, Dhaulpur) in the east to Katra (Fatehgarh, Sam, Jaisalmer) in the west.

The state is 43 km in width from east to west and 43 km in length from north to south. is the difference. The lines connecting East to West and North to South cross each other in the Nagaur district.

Tropic of Cancer
230 30' north latitude is called the Tropic of Cancer. The Tropic of Cancer passes through eight states of India - 1. Gujarat 2. Rajasthan 3. Madhya Pradesh 4. Chhattisgarh 5. Jharkhand 6. West Bengal 7. Tripura 8. Mizoram

The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of Banswara in Rajasthan. Touches Dungarpur district (near Chikhali village).

Banswara city is the nearest city of the state to the Tropic of Cancer.

Tropic of Cancer in Rajasthan passes through the Kushalgarh tehsil of Banswara district. Therefore, the sun's rays fall most directly in the Banswara district. While Sri Ganganagar district is located at the most distance from the Tropic of Cancer, therefore the sun's rays fall most obliquely in Sri Ganganagar district.

In Rajasthan, the sun rises first in Silana village of Dholpur district. The latest sunrise in Rajasthan is in Katra village of Jaisalmer district and it is the last place to set.

The standard time of Rajasthan is in line with the standard time of India at 82½ east longitude.

The shape of Rajasthan was first described by T. H. Hendley, as an odd-angled quadrilateral (or kite).

The highest point of the state is Gurushikhar (1722 m) while the lowest point is Sambhar Lake. Whose area is lower than the sea level.

The nearest port of the state is Kandla (Gujarat).

The highest dam in the state is Jakham Dam (81 m in height) in Pratapgarh.

Cultural division of Rajasthan

Mewar - Udaipur, Rajsamand, Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh
Marwar - Jodhpur, Nagaur, Pali, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Barmer
Dundhad - part of Jaipur, Dausa, Tonk, and Ajmer
Hadauti - Kota, Bundi, Bandra, Jhalawar
Shekhawati - Churu, Sikar, Jhunjhunu
Mewat - Alwar, Bharatpur
Wagad - Dungarpur, Banswara

Important question

1. What is called the gateway of Rajasthan - Bharatpur

2. Mahua trees are found - Adaipur and Chittaingarh

3. In which year Chappania famine happened in Rajasthan - 1956

4. In which direction did the monsoon rains increase in Rajasthan - from South West to North East

5. What is the height of Guru Shikhar peak in Rajasthan - 1722 meters

6. Which city in Rajasthan is known as Sun City - Jodhpur

7. The shape of Rajasthan is a rhombus

8. Which district of Rajasthan has the largest area - Jaisalmer

9. The length of the total land border of the state is - 5920 km.

10. The easternmost district of Rajasthan is - Dholpur

11. The teak of Rajasthan which tree is called - Rohinga

12. In which region of Rajasthan teak forests are found - Southern

13. In which district the sun shines vertically in the month of June – Boswada

14. districts with complete deserts in Rajasthan - Jaisalmer, Barmer

15. Which part of Rajasthan receives maximum rainfall - South-East

16. Which district has the maximum number of tehsils in Rajasthan - Jaipur

17. In which district did the first sunrise occur in Rajasthan - Dholpur

18. Udiya Plateau is located in which district - Sirohi

19. Which forests are lacking in Rajasthan - Coniferous forests

20. How much area of Rajasthan's area is desert - about two-thirds

21. The most poisonous snake found in the western part of Rajasthan - the Peevana snake

22. Completely vegetation less area of Rajasthan - Samgaon (Jaisalmer)

23. In which district of Rajasthan, the slant of sunrays is highest - Sriganganagar

24. Rajasthan's area is how many times that of Israel - 17 times bigger

25. Name of the 1070 km long border line of Rajasthan with Pakistan - Radcliffe Line

26. Tropic of Cancer passes through touching which district of Rajasthan - through Dungarpur and Boswara

27. Largest district in terms of population in Rajasthan - Jaipur

28. What percentage of the total area of Thar desert is in Rajasthan - 58 percent

29. What is the huge undulating sand dune in the desert of Rajasthan called - Dhore

30. Rajasthan's only fossil park is located - in Akalgaon (Jaisalmer)


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