When was the Deccan Rebellion and Deccan Riot Commission appointed?

When was the Deccan Rebellion and Deccan Riot Commission appointed?
Posted on 03-06-2022

When was the Deccan Rebellion and Deccan Riot Commission appointed?

When did the Deccan rebellion happen and when the Deccan riot commission was appointed: In 1874-1879, the Deccan rebellion spread mainly in the areas of Poona, Ahmedabad, Satara, Sholapur, etc. of Maharashtra. The Deccan rebellion was mainly carried out by the Maratha peasants against the interest-paying moneylenders.

What were the main causes of the Deccan Rebellion?

There were two main reasons for this –

  1. Repression of farmers by moneylenders and grain traders:- The main basis of this rebellion was the atrocities on the farmers by the moneylenders. In the Poona and Ahmednagar districts of Maharashtra, Gujarati and Marwari moneylenders were exploiting the farmers by adopting various tactics. The farmers were lured into the trap of high interest by the moneylenders.
  2. Land tax increased by the British government: - The income of Indian farmers was affected due to the decrease in the export of cotton after the American Civil War (1863-65), but no reduction in land tax was done by the British government.

The farmer was financially broken due to both the above reasons. In December 1874, Kaluram, usury from Kardah village in Shirur taluka, obtained a decree (attachment warrant) for the auction of the house from the court against the farmer (Baba Sahib Deshmukh). On this, the farmers started a movement against the moneylenders and by entering the houses and offices of the moneylenders, the books of account were started burning.

By 1875, this movement spread to other places. Books and accounts were burnt and debt bonds were destroyed. The moneylenders and grain traders started running away from the village overnight.

Who led the Deccan Movement?

Vasudev Balwant Phadke led the Deccan rebellion. In this, he got a lot of support from the educated class of Maharashtra. Justice MG Ranade was one of the prominent names in this.

Consequences of the Deccan Movement

1. The British Government constituted the “Deccan Disruption Commission”. In order to improve the condition of the farmers, the Deccan Farmers Relief Act 1879 was passed in 1876.

Deccan Farmers Relief Act 1879 – The basic purpose of this act is as follows –

  • The evicted agricultural farmers had to return their lands.
  • To provide financial assistance to farmers on special occasions like weddings and festivals.
  • Prohibition on the sale of indebted land to outsiders.
  • To help bankrupt farmers.

2. Increase in self-confidence of farmers.

Why was the Deccan Riots Commission constituted?

The Deccan Riot Commission was constituted in 1876 to improve the condition of the farmers. The purpose of which was to return their lands to the dispossessed agricultural farmers, to help the bankrupt farmers, not to sell the indebted land to any outsider, and to provide financial assistance to the farmers on special occasions such as marriages and festivals.

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