20 Facts About Docena, Alabama: Interesting and Fun Facts

20 Facts About Docena, Alabama: Interesting and Fun Facts
Posted on 17-06-2023

20 Facts About Docena, Alabama, Zip Code - 35060

Docena, Alabama is a small unincorporated community located in Jefferson County, Alabama. While it may not be widely known outside of the local area, it has a rich history and unique characteristics that make it an interesting place to explore. 


  1. Location and Geography Docena is situated in the north-central part of Alabama, approximately 13 miles northwest of downtown Birmingham. It lies within the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, offering scenic views and a mix of rural and suburban landscapes.

  2. Historical Background The community of Docena was established in the early 1900s as a company town by the Tennessee Coal, Iron, and Railroad Company (TCI). The town was named after the Latin word "docena," meaning "a dozen," to represent the twelve mines that operated in the area.

  3. Industrial Roots Docena's history is closely tied to the coal mining industry. The TCI Company built the town to accommodate its workers and their families. The area was rich in coal deposits, and mining operations played a vital role in the local economy for several decades.

  4. Company Housing The TCI Company constructed houses to provide housing for its workers. These company-built houses, often referred to as "TCI houses," were small but functional dwellings. They were typically made of wood and had basic amenities to meet the needs of the mining families.

  5. Community Development Docena grew rapidly as the mining operations expanded. The TCI Company invested in the community's development, building schools, churches, a company store, and recreational facilities. These amenities helped create a sense of community and fostered a tight-knit environment.

  6. Demographic Changes In the early years, the population of Docena was predominantly composed of African American miners and their families. Over time, the community became more diverse, with the influx of workers from various backgrounds.

  7. Impact of the Great Depression The Great Depression in the 1930s had a significant impact on Docena and its residents. The demand for coal decreased, resulting in mine closures and job losses. Many families struggled to make ends meet, and the town's economy experienced a downturn.

  8. Resilience and Recovery Despite the challenges faced during the Great Depression, Docena's community remained resilient. Efforts were made to diversify the local economy, and some residents found work in other industries, such as steel production and construction.

  9. Civil Rights Movement Like many parts of Alabama, Docena was affected by the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s. African American residents and local activists played significant roles in the struggle for equal rights and racial justice.

  10. Desegregation Efforts The schools in Docena were segregated until the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, efforts were made to desegregate the educational system, leading to significant changes in the community.

  11. Changing Economy The decline of the coal mining industry in the latter half of the 20th century had a lasting impact on Docena's economy. Many mines closed down, resulting in job losses and a shift in the local economic landscape.

  12. Transition to a Bedroom Community In recent years, Docena has transitioned into a predominantly residential area, with many residents commuting to work in Birmingham and other nearby cities. The town's proximity to urban centers and affordable housing options make it an attractive location for those seeking a suburban lifestyle.

  13. Community Organizations Docena has several community organizations that play an active role in promoting civic engagement and community development. These organizations focus on issues such as education, youth empowerment, and local infrastructure improvement.

  14. Local Landmarks The Docena Community Center is a notable landmark in the town. It serves as a hub for community activities, hosting events, meetings, and recreational programs. The center is an essential gathering place for residents of all ages.

  15. Natural Beauty Docena is blessed with natural beauty, thanks to its location in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. The surrounding landscapes offer opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, fishing, and camping, making it a popular destination for nature enthusiasts.

  16. Preservation Efforts Efforts have been made to preserve and showcase Docena's rich history. Local historical societies and organizations work to document and preserve the town's heritage, ensuring that future generations can learn about its unique past.

  17. Educational Opportunities Docena is served by the Jefferson County School District. The area has several schools that provide educational opportunities for local children, including elementary, middle, and high schools. These institutions strive to provide quality education and prepare students for future success.

  18. Festivals and Events Docena hosts various festivals and events throughout the year, bringing the community together for celebration and entertainment. These events often feature live music, local vendors, and activities for people of all ages to enjoy.

  19. Close-Knit Community One of Docena's defining characteristics is its strong sense of community. The town's residents are known for their neighborly spirit and willingness to support one another. This tight-knit community fosters a sense of belonging and camaraderie.

  20. Future Prospects As Docena continues to evolve, its future prospects look promising. The town's proximity to urban centers, combined with its affordable housing options and natural beauty, positions it for potential growth and development in the coming years.


Dolomite, located in Jefferson County, Alabama, is an unincorporated community that holds historical significance. While the residential neighborhoods are now mostly within the City of Birmingham's limits and the business district falls under the jurisdiction of the City of Hueytown, Dolomite retains its own unique identity.

One of the community's most notable landmarks is the Bethlehem United Methodist Church, established in 1818, even before Alabama became a state. The church holds historical and cultural significance, and its adjoining cemetery is the resting place of several early pioneers of Jefferson County. Prominent individuals such as James Tarrant, Mortimer Jordan, and Isaac Wellington Sadler are buried there, representing the community's rich heritage and connections to the region's early settlement.

Overall, Dolomite stands as a testament to the historical and cultural roots of Jefferson County, and the Bethlehem United Methodist Church serves as a tangible link to the past, honoring the early pioneers who played a vital role in shaping the community and the region as a whole.

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