A Significant Stride Towards Mitigating Disasters: G20's Disaster Risk Reduction Initiatives

A Significant Stride Towards Mitigating Disasters: G20's Disaster Risk Reduction Initiatives
Posted on 25-07-2023

A Significant Stride Towards Mitigating Disasters: G20's Disaster Risk Reduction Initiatives

As the world reaches the midway point of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the urgency to reduce disaster risks and losses has become more apparent. Recent calamities, such as heat waves, forest fires, and severe flooding, have underscored the need for immediate action in disaster risk reduction. The Sendai Framework, complemented by other global agreements like The Paris Agreement and the SDGs, seeks to substantially reduce disaster risks and losses across various sectors and stakeholders.

Challenges in Disaster Risk Reduction:

While progress has been made, several challenges persist in disaster risk reduction. Inadequate financial risk management and insurance, insufficient investment in development-oriented approaches, difficulty in collecting and analyzing hazard data, and lack of technical and institutional capacity for risk assessment hinder effective disaster mitigation.

India's G20 Initiative for Disaster Risk Reduction:

Recognizing the importance of disaster risk reduction, India has taken the lead during its G20 presidency and established the first G20 Disaster Risk Reduction Working Group (DRRWG). The DRRWG focuses on five priorities, including the coverage of early warning systems, resilient infrastructure, improved financing frameworks, enhanced response capabilities, and the application of ecosystem-based approaches to disaster risk.

DRRWG Objectives:

The DRRWG aims to develop a comprehensive financial management strategy for disaster risks, provide an overview of risk assessment and financing practices across economies, and support harmonization of data collection and analysis for better access to international (re)insurance markets. Additionally, it will facilitate affordable and comprehensive insurance coverage for disaster risks, promoting risk transfer mechanisms and identifying resilient investments and entities.

G20's Priorities:

The G20's focus is on expanding inclusive and multi-hazard early warning systems, as they have proven effective in reducing disaster deaths and economic losses. Additionally, enhancing infrastructure resilience to withstand climate and disaster risks is a global priority, ensuring it becomes a lifeline during crises. Moreover, the G20 aims to develop a new approach to financing disaster risk reduction, involving finance and economy ministries in collaboration with the private sector.

Importance of G20's Efforts:

As a global platform, the G20 offers unique perspectives and resources to drive global disaster risk reduction goals. It maximizes the impact of financial resources from multiple sources, encouraging efficient and predictable financing mechanisms.

The Way Forward:

To prevent losses from disasters, there is a need for continued commitment to disaster risk reduction. G20, under Brazil's upcoming presidency, plans to build upon India's initiatives, scaling up ecosystem-based approaches, and enhancing response capacities at national and local levels.


The G20's prioritization of disaster risk reduction marks a significant stride towards mitigating the impact of disasters worldwide. By focusing on early warning systems, resilient infrastructure, and innovative financing mechanisms, the G20 can transform intentions into tangible investment opportunities, leading to a safer and more resilient future for all.

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