Achieving Self-Reliance in India's Fertiliser Sector: A Testament to Atmanirbhar Bharat

Achieving Self-Reliance in India's Fertiliser Sector: A Testament to Atmanirbhar Bharat
Posted on 14-06-2023

Achieving Self-Reliance in India's Fertiliser Sector: A Testament to Atmanirbhar Bharat


In pursuit of the vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat (Self-Reliant India), the Modi government's second term has placed a strong emphasis on achieving self-sufficiency in various sectors. One such notable accomplishment lies in the fertilizer sector, where India has made significant strides toward self-reliance. This move has not only helped overcome challenges during the Covid-19 crisis but has also positioned India as a key player in the global fertilizer supply chain.


Proactive Government Initiatives:

The government took proactive measures to secure fertilizer supplies, particularly during the crisis caused by the Russia-Ukraine war. Despite facing challenges such as scarcity of raw materials, the government forged long-term agreements and established joint ventures with resource-rich nations. These strategic partnerships with countries like Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Canada have ensured a reliable supply of various fertilizers, contributing to India's self-reliance in the sector.


Support for Domestic Industry:

To strengthen the domestic fertilizer industry, the government has provided support by identifying opportunities across the value chain. This includes investments in resource-rich geographies for securing raw materials, promoting alternate fertilizers and natural farming, and fostering long-term partnerships. Additionally, the government encouraged the establishment of overseas joint ventures to secure raw materials, resulting in the setup of joint venture plants in certain countries. These initiatives have diversified India's product portfolio, enabling the production of a wider range of fertilizers, thus ensuring balanced nutrition for farmers.


Innovation in the Fertiliser Sector:

The government's focus on innovation is evident in the introduction of 'Nano Urea.' Nano fertilizers, with their size-dependent qualities and controlled nutrient release, hold great promise for enhancing plant nourishment and increasing nutrient use efficiency. Field trials conducted by the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR)-Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) have shown an 8% increase in crop yield through the foliar application of Nano urea. Such innovations contribute to the overall self-sustainability and growth of India's fertilizer sector.


Government Schemes and Policies:

Various government schemes and policies have played a pivotal role in supporting the fertilizer sector and benefiting farmers. The Nutrient-based Subsidy (NBS) policy provides fixed rates of subsidy on essential nutrients, allowing manufacturers to set reasonable prices for fertilizers. The Urea Policy ensures the availability of urea at a statutory maximum retail price. Furthermore, policies promoting city compost production and the use of space technology in resource mapping of rock phosphate demonstrate the government's commitment to sustainable and efficient fertilizer practices.


Key Achievements:

The government's policy framework for the fertilizer sector has yielded remarkable results. Opening stocks of DAP, MOP, and other NPK fertilizers have witnessed significant improvement, indicating enhanced inventory levels. For instance, in Kharif 2023, the opening stocks of DAP, MOP, and NPK fertilizers increased substantially compared to the previous year, further solidifying India's position as a key player in the global fertilizer supply chain.



India's journey towards self-reliance in the fertilizer sector stands as a testament to the government's unwavering commitment to ensuring food security and promoting the vision of an Atmanirbhar Bharat. By taking proactive steps, supporting domestic industry, fostering innovation, and implementing strategic policies and schemes, India has successfully strengthened its position in the global fertilizer market. This achievement not only boosts the economy but also contributes to the welfare of farmers and the overall development of the agricultural sector.


  • India's pursuit of self-reliance in the fertiliser sector reflects the government's commitment to Atmanirbhar Bharat.

  • Proactive government measures have secured fertiliser supplies amidst challenges like the Russia-Ukraine war.

  • Long-term agreements and joint ventures with resource-rich nations have ensured a reliable supply of fertilisers.

  • Support to the domestic industry has strengthened operations, fostered partnerships, and promoted alternative fertilisers.

  • Overseas joint ventures have been encouraged to secure raw materials and diversify the product portfolio.

  • The introduction of Nano Urea showcases innovative approaches to enhance plant nourishment and increase crop yield.

  • Government schemes like Nutrient-based Subsidy and the Urea Policy have supported the fertiliser sector and benefited farmers.

  • Policies promoting city compost production and the use of space technology have furthered sustainability and efficiency.

  • Remarkable improvement in opening stocks of DAP, MOP, and NPK fertilisers indicates enhanced inventory levels.

  • India's self-reliance in fertilisers has positioned it as a key player in the global supply chain, benefiting the economy and farmers alike.

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