Assam TB: Community involvement - Daily Current Affairs

Assam TB: Community involvement - Daily Current Affairs
Posted on 03-06-2022

Assam TB: Community involvement

In The News:

  • A Karnataka-based trust discovered that the involvement of the community helped to devise strategies for breaking down psychological barriers in the fight against tuberculosis in Assam (TB) and in three other States.
  • The USAID-funded project on TB in four states, Assam, Bihar and Karnataka has been run by the Karnataka Health Promotion Trust.

What's today's article?

  • About TB (Description of Symptoms, Types and Treatment, TB In India, etc.
  • News Summary (About KHPT’s study)

Tuberculosis (TB),

  • Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease spread by inhaling small droplets of bacteria from the coughs and sneezes.
  • It is most common in the lungs. However, it can also affect other parts of the body such as the stomach (abdomen), the glands, bones, and the nervous system.
  • TB can be very serious, but it is treatable with the correct antibiotics.

Symptoms TB:

  • A persistent cough for more than three weeks that causes phlegm to form, and may lead to bloody symptoms.
  • Weight loss,
  • Night sweats
  • High temperatures
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • A loss of appetite
  • The neck may experience swelling.

Types TB:

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis :
    • Pulmonary TB, which affects the lungs, is the most contagious. However it can spread slowly if someone is exposed to the disease for a long time.
    • Most people are healthy and the immune system kills bacteria. There are no symptoms.
  • Latent TB :
    • Sometimes, the immune system is unable to kill the bacteria but can prevent its spread throughout the body.
    • Although you won't experience any symptoms, the bacteria will still be present in your body. This is called latent TB.
    • Latent TB is not contagious to other people.
  • Active TB :
    • The immune system may not be able to fight off or contain the infection. Symptoms can develop in a matter of weeks or months. This is called active TB.
      • TB bacteria is thought to infect approximately 25% of the world's population. However, only 5-12% of those will become ill with active TB diseases.
    • If your immune system is weak, latent TB can develop into active TB later.


  • TB can almost always been treated with treatment.
    • A course of antibiotics is usually required for six months.
  • Because some types of TB are resistant, several antibiotics can be used.

Tuberculosis In India

  • There were 19.33 million new and relapsed TB patients notified in 2021, compared to 16.28 lakh in 2020.
  • India continues to hold the highest share of global TB burden.
  • India's National TB Elimination Programme has been strengthened to achieve the goal of eliminating the TB epidemic in India by 2025, five years before the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030.
  • To achieve this goal, the National Strategic Plan for Tuberculosis Elimination was created.

News Summary

  • The USAID-supported project on TB in four states, Assam, Bihar and Karnataka, has been run by the Karnataka Health Promotion Trust.
    • The United States Agency for International Development is a U.S. federal agency that administers civilian foreign aid and development assistance.
  • The project studies vulnerable groups such as miners and industrial workers, tea-gard workers, migrants, urban vulnerable and tribal people.
  • The trust published recent findings from the project.

Major Findings Assam:

  • The project in Assam covered the tea plantation workers in Dibrugarh and Baksa as well as the urban vulnerable in Kamrup, (Metro).
  • The project was focused on encouraging TB patients and caregivers through the involvement of TB survivors who experienced these issues and who offer support and help them navigate this journey.
  • According to the study, Involving the community in the fight against Tuberculosis in Assam has helped to devise strategies for breaking down psychological barriers .
    • 625 patients with TB and their caregivers received 99 support and care group meetings that involved 315 community structures.
  • The project clearly demonstrates how community structures have contributed in TB response in three districts. Their initiative has led to 72,168 [individuals] being.
Thank You