Biography of Chittaranjan Das

Biography of Chittaranjan Das
Posted on 22-05-2022

Biography of Chittaranjan Das

Chittaranjan Das in English

Chittaranjan Das - Chittaranjan Das is popularly known as Deshbandhu. He was an Indian politician and the founding leader of the 'Swaraj Party' in Bengal under British rule. They dedicated their whole life to the freedom of the country. And till the last mother-in-law fought with the British government.

The name of Chittaranjan Das is taken with great respect and pride by the freedom fighters of West Bengal. He was not only a highly educated personality but also a leading thinker.

Due to the freedom struggle done by him in India along with other social work, the country had got a fearless leadership, this is clearly visible from the pages of history.

Biography of Chittaranjan Das - Chittaranjan Das in English

Important information related to Chittaranjan Das in brief – Information About Chittaranjan Das

Full Name Chittaranjan Bhuvanmohan Das
Birth Day 5 November 1870
birthplace Kolkata
Father's Name Bhuvanmohan Das.
Mother Name Nistarini Devi
education This. BA from Presidency College Kolkata in 1890, degree of Barrister from London in AD 1892.
Marriage With Vasantidevi (in A.D. 1897)
children's names Chiranjan Das (Son), Aparna Devi and Kalyani Devi (Daughters)
mainly identified Indian freedom fighter, famous lawyer, poet, politician, and journalist.
Death _ 16 June 1925.

Information about the early life of Chittaranjan Das – Chittaranjan Das Biography in English 

Chittaranjan Das was related to the Das family of Telirbagh (Baidya-Brahmin) of Bikrampur in Dhaka (present-day Bangladesh ). He was the son of Bhuban Mohan Das and the nephew of the Brahmo social reformer Durga Mohan Das.

His siblings include Satish Ranjan Das, Sudhi Ranjan Das, Sarla Roy and Lady Abla Bose. His eldest grandson is Siddharth Shankar Rai and his granddaughter's name is Manjula Bose.

Chittaranjan Das completed his studies in England and became a barrister. His social career began in 1909 when he defended  Aurobindo Ghosh by opposing his involvement in the previous year's Alipore bomb case.

Later in his speech, Aurobindo praised Chittaranjan Das saying that Chittaranjan had protected him regardless of his health.

Brief description of the social, political, and personal life of Chittaranjan Das – Information About Social, Political, and Personal Life of Chittaranjan Das

Das was one of the main leaders of Bengal during the non-cooperation movement in Bengal between 1919-1922. He also strongly opposed British clothes. In protest, they burnt their own European clothes and started wearing Khadi clothes.

At one time his clothes were stitched and washed in Paris and he had also set up a laundry in Paris to ship his clothes to Calcutta. But when Das joined the freedom movement, he had given up all these amenities.

He also brought out a newspaper Forward and then later changed its name to Liberty to Fight the British Raj. Das became the first mayor when the Calcutta Municipal Corporation was established. He had full faith in non-violence and legal methods.

He believed that on the strength of these we can get freedom and also bring unity between Hindus -Muslims. Later he also founded Swaraj Party in 1923 along with Motilal Nehru and Yuva Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy. So that they can bring their ideas in front of the people.

His ideas and his greatness were taken forward by his disciples and especially  Subhas Chandra Bose started following his own ideas.

In view of his patriotic views, he was given the name Deshbandhu. He was completely connected with Indian society and also wrote poems and inspired people with his innumerable articles and essays.

He was married to Basanti Devi (1880–1974) and had three children, Aparna Devi (1898–1972), Chiranjan Das (1899–1928), and Kalyani Devi (1902–1983).

Along with Chittaranjan Das, Basanti Devi also helped in the freedom campaign. His sister-in-law Urmila Devi was the first woman to be court arrested in the non-cooperation movement in 1921.

Basanti Devi had also become a well-known face of the freedom campaign on the strength of enthusiasm and attraction towards everyone. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose used to call her mother.

Last days of life and death – Chittaranjan Das Death 

In 1925, Chittaranjan Das's health gradually started deteriorating due to continuous overwork, and therefore he decided to separate for some time and started living in his house on the hills in Darjeeling, where  Mahatma Gandhi also frequented him. used to come to see.

He died on 16 June 1925 due to a high fever. At that time special arrangements were made to take his dead body to Calcutta by train.

Gandhiji had performed his last rites in Calcutta and there he said that; 

“Deshbandhu was one of the greatest patriots of the country… he had dreamed of free India… and he spoke only for the independence of India and nothing was there in his life…. His heart also did not discriminate between Hindus and Muslims and at the same time I would like to include white people in it, he did not discriminate against any human being.

Thousands of people were present on his last journey and he was given fire at Koratala Mahasamasan in Calcutta. Looking at the thousands of people present on the last journey, we can get an idea of ​​how many people would have respected him, even people had given him the title of "Uncrowned King of Bengal".

After his death, the world poet Rabindranath Tagore, expressing immense grief and reverence towards him, wrote that –

“एनेछिले साथे करे मृत्युहीन प्रान।
मरने ताहाय तुमि करे गेले दान।।”

Known as Deshbandhu, Chittaranjan Das was an effective leader of the Indian independence movement. Chittaranjan Das was honest and humble in nature.

He gave up his luxurious life. He was a real leader. He was called Deshbandhu because of his undying love for the country. He was a firm believer in his principles, a true patriot, and a supporter of humanistic religion. India will always remember his contribution to history.

Events related to the life of Chittaranjan Das – Sequence wise Incidents in Chittaranjan Das's Life

  • In the Parliament of England, Chittaranjan Das campaigned for Dadabhai Naoroji for the election held for the Indian representative,   in which Dadabhai won.
  • This. In 1894, Chittaranjan Das practiced in the Calcutta High Court.
  • This. Chittaranjan Das founded the Swadeshi Mandal in 1905.
  • This. In 1909, he fought in the court of Aurobindo Ghosh in the Alipore Bombay case. So Aurobindo Ghosh may be released innocently.
  • This. In 1914, he started a Bengali language weekly named 'Narayan'.
  • This. He was the President of the Bengal Provincial State Council in 1917.
  • This. 1921 and CE He was the President of the Indian National Congress in Ahmedabad in 1922.
  • Chittaranjan Das along with Motilal Nehru, and Madan Mohan Malviya founded the Swaraj Paksha.
  • He started writing articles in 'Forward' daily, and he himself published them.
  • This. In 1924, he became the President of Kolkata Municipal Corporation.

Specialties: He gave all his property to Medical College and Women's Hospital. That's why people started recognizing him by the name 'Deshbandhu'.

Most Frequently Asked Questions on Chittaranjan Das – Gk Quiz on Chittaranjan Das

Q. Which freedom fighter of the Indian freedom struggle was defended by Chittaranjan Das Ji as a lawyer?

Answer: Arvind Ghosh.

Q. For what reason did Chittaranjan Das leave the profession of advocacy? 

Answer: Chittaranjan Das resigned from the advocacy profession to support the non-cooperation movement.

Q. By what name is Chittaranjan Das famous in Indian history? 

Answer: Deshbandhu.

Q. Which political party (party) was founded by Chittaranjan Das? 

Answer: 'Swaraj Party'.

Q. Which newspaper was started by Chittaranjan Das Ji? 

Answer: 'Forward' which was later renamed as 'Liberty to fight with British Raj'.

Q. Which Indian freedom fighter's fame spread across the country as a 'National Lawyer'? 

Answer: Chittaranjan Das.

Q. With whose cooperation did Chittaranjan Das Ji establish the 'Swaraj Party'?

Answer: Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, Motilal Nehru, and Hussain Suharawardy.

Q. Which weekly was started by Chittaranjan Das Ji in the Bengali language? 

Answer: 'Narayan'.

Q. In which year did Chittaranjan Das Ji die? 

Answer: The year 1925.

Q. How many children did Chittaranjan Das Ji have? What were their names? 

Answer:   3, Chiranjan Das (sons) besides Kalyani Devi and Aparna Devi (daughters).


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