Civil services in India after independence - GovtVacancy.Net

Civil services in India after independence - GovtVacancy.Net
Posted on 10-07-2022

Civil services in India after independence

After independence, the governance system of India became based on the democratic system,  which is inspired by the ideals of public welfare. In such a situation the role of public servants becomes more important. In the context of the role of public servants, the first Administrative Commission highlighted the following facts:


*Securing national unity and integrity and ensuring  Uniform Standards of Administration.

*Ensuring neutrality and objectivity in the administration, as well as providing a non-political, secular, and non-sectarian approach to the administration.

*Ensuring selection of candidates with aptitude, competence, and professional outlook so as to bring about efficiency in administration.

To establish integrity and idealism in civil servants.


The First Administrative Reforms Commission recommended the Indian Civil Services and administrators earn distinction in the following areas-


* Economic Administration.

*Industrial Administration.

Agriculture and Rural Development Administration.

* Social and Educational Administration.

* Staff Administration |

* financial administration.

* Immune administration and internal security.

* Planning.


The above recommendation to earn the distinction of the First Administrative Commission was given on the basis that the socio-economic development of India has the above specific areas in which the public service has to work. That is, for the effective role of public services, ARC. The above-mentioned areas are those standards of overall development, without which the country cannot develop.


Post-liberalisation, public services in India have not necessarily been given the role of a regulator, but of a facilitator/coordinator. The increasing demands of good governance,  citizen charge, right to information, increasing literacy, awareness of rights,  perception of the service provider state, etc. have increased the neutrality, fairness, and objectivity of the civil service and oriented it towards socio-economic justice.


Although the control of bureaucracy by national and state-level political parties and those in power in India still indirectly enlivens the notion of committed bureaucracy, the demand for good governance and a participatory system has led to the role of bureaucracy or civil service. made dynamic.


Former Secretary of Planning Commission of India N.C. Saxena has clarified that with the adoption of new economic policy and direction of economic reforms in India, the challenges of public management in the areas of livelihood challenges of people, health, primary education, and poverty alleviation have increased in the globalized world.


In the present times, areas such as pollution, food insecurity, and diseases, global warming and climate change, genetically modified organisms, hazardous waste, industrial accidents,  biodiversity degradation, and protection of consumer rights have increased the requirements for an efficient and specialized civil service. Is.


In the present times, a concept like 'Think Globally, Act Local' has been born. Today work is going on to make the administration more efficient and smart. The nature of various problems is becoming more and more complex, due to which it has become necessary to know everything necessary for the correct identification of the problem and its solution.

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