Delhi Sultanate – Lodi Dynasty (Based on NCERT)

Delhi Sultanate – Lodi Dynasty (Based on NCERT)
Posted on 28-04-2022

Delhi Sultanate – Lodi Dynasty (1451 -1526 AD)

After ending the Sayyid dynasty, Bahlol Lodi established the Lodi dynasty in the Delhi Sultanate in 1451 AD. This dynasty remained in power till 1526 AD and ruled successfully. This dynasty was the last ruling family of the Delhi Sultanate, which was of Afghan origin.

Rulers of Lodi Dynasty :-

  1. Bahlol Lodi (1451 – 1489 AD)
  2. Sikandar Lodi (1489 – 1517 AD)
  3. Ibrahim Lodi (1517 – 1526 AD)

Bahlul  Lodi  (1451 – 1489 AD)

Bahlol Lodi founded the Lodi dynasty in 1451 AD and ruled the Delhi Sultanate till 1489 AD. Alam Shah, the last ruler of the Sayyid dynasty, had voluntarily abdicated the throne of the Delhi Sultanate in favor of Bahlol LodiBahlol Lodi was of Afghan origin. He was born in a Pashtun family. Bahlol Lodi, during the reign of Muhammad Shah of the Sayyid dynasty, was the governor of Sirhind, which is located at Fatehgarh Sahib in present-day Punjab. Bahlol Lodi took the title of "Bahlol Shahgazi" after sitting in the Delhi SultanateHe married the daughter of a Hindu goldsmith of Sirhind.


  • Bahlol Lodi died in 1489 AD. After his death, his son Sikandar Lodi ascended the throne of the Delhi Sultanate.

Sikandar Lodi (1489 – 1517 AD)

After the death of Bahlol Lodi in 1489 AD, Sikandar Lodi succeeded the Delhi Sultanate and became the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty. His childhood name was Nizam Khan, but after assuming power he changed his name to "Sultan Sikandar Shah" who later became famous as Sikandar LodiHe ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1489 AD to 1517 AD. Sikandar Lodi was the second son of Bahlol Lodi and Barbak Shah was the eldest son of Bahlol Lodi, who was the Viceroy of Jaunpur.

Major Works of Sikandar Lodi 

  • He tried to re-establish the Delhi Sultanate by controlling the kings of Bengal, Bihar, Chandairi, Awadh, and Bundelkhand.
  • Gaje Sikandari was used as an authentic scale for land measurement.
  • He established the city of Agra in 1503 AD and brought his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1506 AD.
  • He broke the idol of Jwalamukhi temple in Nagarkot and gave its pieces to the butchers to weigh the meat and imposed Jaziya on the Hindus.
  • There was a ban on the removal of Tajiya of Muslims and the visit of Muslim women to the shrines of Piros and Saints.
  • He attacked the Gwalior fort five times but Raja Mansingh defeated him every time.


  •  Sikandar Lodo died in 1517 AD due to throat disease, after which his son Ibrahim Lodi became the king.

Ibrahim Lodi (1517 – 1526 AD)

Ibrahim Lodi was the youngest son of Sikandar Lodi. After the death of Sikandar Lodi, Ibrahim Lodi ascended the throne in 1517 AD and ruled the Delhi Sultanate till 1526 AD. He was the last king of the Lodi dynasty and the last sultan of the Delhi Sultanate.

work in government

  • He was a courageous king, during his reign there were many rebellions.
    • Darya Khan led the rebellion in Jaunpur and Awadh.
    • Daulat Khan rebelled in Punjab.
  • The battle of Khatauli was defeated in 1518 AD at the hands of Rana Sanga.
  • His zamindar and uncle Alam Khan fled to Kabul and invited Babur to attack India.
  • The First Battle of Panipat took place on 21 April 1526 between Babur and Ibrahim Lodi and Lodi was defeated in it.


  • Babur defeated and killed it on 21 April 1526 in the First Battle of Panipat and captured the throne of Agra and Delhi.

After the Battle of Panipat in 1526, Babur laid the foundation of the Mughal dynasty which ruled India for nearly 500 years. Thus ended the Delhi Sultanate.


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