Forests of Uttarakhand - GovtVacancy.Net

Forests of Uttarakhand - GovtVacancy.Net
Posted on 20-08-2022

Forests of Uttarakhand

Forests of Uttarakhand – Information related to the forest of Uttarakhand is given below

  • Uttarakhand has an incomparable stock of forest wealth, according to the latest data, there is an expansion of forests in 34,650 sq km in Uttarakhand. 
  • In Uttarakhand
    • The percentage of forests in areas with an altitude of 600-1200 meters is 16.3 and
    • 22.3 percent in areas with altitudes of 1200 to 1800 meters and
    • In the areas of altitude from 1800 to 3000 meters, the highest is 22.3 percent forest and
    • Areas above 3000 meters have only 7.5 percent forest area.
  • According to the 14th forest report, 46.73 percent of the total area of ​​the state is forested.
    • Out of this, 19.61 % part is  very dense forest,
    • Medium dense forest on 56.11% area   and
    • 24.27% is   open  forest
  • of total forests in Uttarakhand
    • 49.63 %  Reserved Forest,
    • 18.48%  protected forest  and
    • 2.93 %  are covered under unclassified forests.
  • In Uttarakhand
    • The maximum forest area is in the Pauri Garhwal  district and
    • The lowest area is in Udham Singh Nagar.
  • In Uttarakhand
    • The densest forest in Nainital,
    • Most moderately dense forest Pauri and
    • The most open forest is in the Pauri district.
  • of total forests in the state
    • 59.70% in Garhwal Circle and
    • 40.30% is in the Kumaon division.
  • In terms of the area of ​​forests in the total area of ​​river basins in Uttarakhand, most of the forests are in Tons Basin. 
  • of total forest area in Uttarakhand 
    • 70.46% under Forest Department
    • 13.76% under Revenue Department,
    • 15.32 percent under forest panchayat  and 
    • .46% is private  forest 

Tropical Forest

  • Tropical forests are found in altitude areas of 750 – 1200 m.
  • Trees like Kanju, Semal, Haldu, Khair, Sisu, and Bamboo are prominent in these areas.

Tropical Dry Forest

  • Tropical Dry Forests are found at altitudes of less than 1500 m.
  • These areas receive less rainfall on average,
  • Dhak, Semal, Gular, Jamun, and Ber trees are found in these areas.

Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests

  • Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests are also called monsoon forests.
  • The area of ​​these forests is spread up to the height of 1500 meters in Uttarakhand.
  • Chief among these: Teak, Mulberry, Palash, Anjan, Bahera, Bamboo, and Sal trees are found.

Alpine shrubs and meadows

  • Alpine shrublands and meadows are found in the forest area at an altitude of 3000 – 3600 m.
  • Juniper, willow, ribs, etc. trees are found mainly in these.
  • In these, high altitudes and grasslands are found in which Bugyal, Payar, and Meadow are found.

Angular forest

  • In Uttarakhand, the Kondhari forest is found in areas up to 900- 1800 m.
  • Mainly pine trees are found in these.

Montane temperate forest

  • The montane temperate forests are found at heights of 1800- 2700 meters,
  • These are mainly spruce, silver, fir, cedar, and oak (mainly three species – falcon, moru, khurs).

Tundra vegetation

  • Tundra-like vegetation grows in areas at an altitude of 3600- 4800 meters,
  • Whereas at higher altitudes there is always snow cover.

Sub-Alpine and Alpine Forest

  • Sub-Alpine and Alpine forests are found at an altitude of more than 2700 m.
  • In these, mainly silver fir, blue pine, spruce, cedar, birch, and birch trees are found.


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