Formation of Madhya Pradesh State
- Madhya Pradesh, located in the center of India, is surrounded by other states on all four borders. Therefore, Madhya Pradesh is a completely landlocked state. Madhya Pradesh ranks first in the country in the matter of setting up Human Rights Commission and presenting Human Development Report.
- First of all, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru named it Madhya Pradesh in view of the intermediate position of the state. During the colonial period, this region was known as Central India. In which the Central Provinces , Berar , the provinces of Mahakaushal and parts of the princely states of Baghelkhand and Chhattisgarh were included.
State formation State formation
For the formation of states after independence, the territories of Central India were formed as the following four separate states-
- Madhya Pradesh
- Vindhya Pradesh
- Madhya Bharat
The former state of Madhya Pradesh was formed by merging the princely states of Baghelkhand and Chhattisgarh in the Central Provinces and Berar provinces. By making its capital Nagpur, it was included in the category of Part-A state states.
Vindhya Pradesh was formed by merging the princely states located in the north of the former part-a-state state of Madhya Pradesh. It was kept in the category of Part-C state states. 37 princely states were included in Vindhya Pradesh by making Rewa the capital .
A new state of Part-B category was formed in the form of Madhya Bharat by merging 26 princely states in the west of the former Madhya Pradesh state . Gwalior and Indore were made for this capital for six months each.
Bhopal was included in the Part-C category states by making a separate state . Its capital was made Bhopal.
States Reorganization Commission 1953 State Reorganization Commission 1953
In view of the demand for the formation of new states, the States Reorganization Commission was established on 29 December 1953 . Chairman of this commission Syed Faisal Ali and members Pt. Hridaynath Kunzru and Dr. KM Panikkar was This commission recommended the reorganization of the states on linguistic basis.
As a result of the recommendations of the commission, the following changes were made in the boundaries of Madhya Pradesh-
- Akola , Amravati , Buldhana , Yavatmal , Wardha , Chanda , Nagpur and Bhandara districts were merged into the erstwhile Bombay State. Apart from this, parts of former Madhya Pradesh (part of Part-A State) were included in Madhya Pradesh.
- Apart from Bhanpura tehsil (except Sunail Tappa) of Mandsaur district, the state of Madhya Bharat (part of Part-B state) was included in Madhya Pradesh.
- Vindhya Pradesh, a Part-C state state, was also merged with Madhya Pradesh.
- Sironj tehsil of Kota district of Rajasthan was added to Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh
After changing the above limits
- The state of Madhya Pradesh was formed on 1 November 1956 . Bhopal was made the capital of newly formed Madhya Pradesh, which was then a tehsil of Sehore district. At the time of formation, the total area of Madhya Pradesh was 443446 sq.km and it included43
- On November 26 , 1972 , after the formation of two new districts, Bhopal and Rajnandgaon, the number of districts increased to 45 .
- On 25 May 1998 , V.R. On the recommendation of the Dubey Commission, 10 new districts were formed and on June 10 , 1998, on the basis of the recommendations of the Singhdeo Committee, 6 new districts were formed. Thus till June 30 , 1998 , Madhya Pradesh consisted of 12 divisions and a total of 61 districts. And the state was the largest state of the country in terms of area.
- After the formation of the state, there was more development of western and central Madhya Pradesh , because eastern Madhya Pradesh was very inaccessible and tribal dominated area.
States Reorganization Bill 2000 State Reorganization Bill 2000
- Under the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Bill 2000 , a new state Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000 , separate from Madhya Pradesh. Out of 61 districts of undivided Madhya Pradesh, 16 districts of eastern Madhya Pradesh were included in the newly formed Chhattisgarh state. After the formation of Chhattisgarh, 9 divisions and 45 districts were left in the divided Madhya Pradesh.
- Due to the demand for new districts from the point of view of regional development, the State Government on August 15 , 2003, on the recommendation of the Bose Committee, created three new districts Burhanpur , Ashoknagar and Anuppur by separating them from Khandwa , Guna and Shahdol districts respectively.
- In the year 2008 , two new districts namely Alirajpur and Singrauli were carved out of Jhabua and Sidhi districts respectively.
- On August 16 , 2013 , Agar , Barod , Susner , and Nalkheda tehsils of Shajapur were separated to make Agar Malwa 51st district of the state.
- In this sequence, on October 01, 2018, Tikamgarh district's three tehsils Niwari , Orchha and Prithvipur were separated from Tikamgarh and made 52nd district Niwari of a state, which is the smallest district of the state in terms of area.
- Thus present Madhya Pradesh has 10 divisions and 52 districts. Whose total area is 3,08,252 sq km.