Governance system of Madhya Pradesh | Government of Madhya Pradesh | General Knowledge

Governance system of Madhya Pradesh | Government of Madhya Pradesh | General Knowledge
Posted on 22-04-2022

Government of Madhya Pradesh

In the Constitution of India , provision has been made for parliamentary governance in the center as well as in the states . Therefore like the central government, the division of powers in the states has also been done through different organs of governance.

Part of the governance system of Madhya Pradesh

Management   Organ
state legislature  




state executive  

Chief Minister and Council of Ministers

administration Officer



state judiciary  

high Court

subordinate court



local self-government  

Panchayati Raj

urban self-government

representation of the state in parliament   29 Representative
 election by direct public
Tenure 5 years 
Rajya Sabha in Lok Sabha   11 Representative
 election indirect MLA
tenure 6 years 

State Legislature- Madhya Pradesh 

  • In Article 168-177 of the Constitution of India, a provision has been made related to the legislature of the state.
  • Madhya Pradesh has a unicameral state legislature (Vidhan Sabha).
  • The number of Vidhan Sabha members was increased to 296 in the year 1976 and to 320 in 1999 After the bifurcation of Madhya Pradesh and the creation of Chhattisgarh in the year 2000 , the number of seats in the Legislative Assembly in the state was reduced to 230 In which 148 members are elected from general areas, 35 members from scheduled castes and 47 members from scheduled tribe areas. In addition a member of the Anglo-Indian community is also nominated by the Governor under Article 333 . 

Membership in Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly

The year   Assembly (Elected + Nominated) Reserved
1957   288 (43 AC),  (54  ST)
1976   296
1999   320 
2000      (230+1)+ 231 ( 35  AC) ( 47  ST)

state legislature

The Legislature is made up of the Governor and the Legislative Assembly.

Governor- Madhya Pradesh 

  • Under Article 153 of Part- VI of the Constitution of India, it is provided that every state shall have a Governor. The governor is the constitutional head of the state. A provision has also been made by the 7th Constitutional Amendment 1956 that the Governor can be appointed as the Governor of two or more states at the same time.
  • The governor is the first citizen of the state. According to Article 154 , the Governor is not only the head of the state but also acts as the representative of the central government. He is the head of the executive of the state and exercises his executive powers on the advice of the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister.
  • Under Article 155 , the Governor is appointed by the President and under Article 156 ( a), the term of the Governor has been fixed for 5 years but even before the completion of his term, the Governor can resign his office by resigning to the President. Is.

Qualifications for the post of Governor

Under Article 157 and Article 158 , a person must have the following qualifications for the post of Governor-

  1. be a citizen of India
  2. Must have completed the minimum age of 35 years.
  3. He should not hold any office of profit.
  4. The Governor shall not be a member of either House of Parliament and Vidhan Sabha/Legislature .


Governor's oath

  • Under Article 159 provisions have been made regarding the oath of the Governor. The Governor takes the oath of protection and security of the Constitution before the Chief Justice of the High Court of the State .

Governor's salary and allowances

  • The salaries , allowances and other emoluments of the Governor are made by Parliament by law.
  • According to the Governor's Emoluments , Allowances and Privileges (Amendment Act - 2008) passed by the Parliament in September 2008 , the salary of the Governor has been increased from Rs.36000 to Rs.110000 And in the budget 2018-19 , it has been announced to increase the salary of governors to Rs.350000 .
  • The salary and allowances of the Governor cannot be reduced during his term of office. The salary and allowances of the Governor are charged on the Consolidated Fund of the State (Article 266) . Therefore, the Legislative Assembly does not have the right to vote on it. He is entitled to all kinds of emoluments as determined by the Parliament.
  • Under Article 158(3A ), when the same person is appointed as the Governor of two or more states the salary and allowances paid to him are allocated among those states in such proportion as may be determined by the President. goes.

Governor's Privilege

  • Under Article 361 of the Constitution, many privileges have been conferred on the President and the Governor.   The Governor is not liable for any judicial prosecution for the acts done by him while in office .
  • For the personal functions of the Governor during his office, only civil suit can be brought against him but no criminal case can be brought against him.

executive powers of governor

  • Under Article 164(1) of the Constitution , the Governor appoints the Chief Minister and on the advice of the Chief Minister appoints other ministers and administers them the oath of office and secrecy.
  • According to Article 167 , the Governor can call from the Chief Minister any information related to the administration and legislative matters of the State and can place the decision taken by a Minister before the Council of Ministers for consideration.
  • If the constitutional machinery in the state fails, the Governor can recommend President's rule under Article 356 .

Legislative Powers of Governor

  • Under the provisions of Article 168 ,Governor is an integral part of the State Legislature andaccording to the provisions of333,if the Governor is convinced that theAnglo-Indian community is not adequately represented in the Legislative Assembly,he shall be a member of the Anglo-Indian Community. Can nominate a member to the Legislative Assembly.
  • The Governor summons (commencement of session) and prorogues (end of session) the session of the State Legislative Assembly and can also dissolve (dissolve) the house.
  • After the constitution of the new Legislative Assembly, the first meeting and the first session of every year are started with the address of the Governor.
  • Under Article 213 of the Constitution, the Governor has been given the legislative power to issue ordinances,which are exercised when the State Legislature is not in session.
  • To give a permanent form to the ordinance, it is necessary that the state legislature should make a law and approve it within 6 weeks of the coming of the session again, otherwise after the period of weeks, the ordinance becomes ineffective and automatically terminates.
  • Apart from this, if all the state legislation passes a resolution to reject the ordinance issued by the governor within 6 weeks, then it will become ineffective.

Financial Powers of Governor

  • Under Article 202 , at the beginning of every financial year, the Governor gets the annual financial statement (budget) of the estimated income and expenditure in the next financial year to be laid before the Legislative Assembly by the Finance Minister.
  • Money Bill cannot be introduced in the State Legislature without the prior consent of the Governor.
  • The Governor gets the reports of the State Finance Commission and the Comptroller and Auditor General placed on the table of the State Legislature.
  • The Governor constitutes the State Finance Commission every five years to review the financial position of the Gram Panchayats and Municipalities.

Judicial Powers of Governor

  • Under Article 161 , the Governor has the powers of pardon according to the laws (law) based on the subjects of the State List and Concurrent List.
  • The Governor can reduce the punishment of any guilty person or change the nature of punishment.
  • The governor appoints the high officials of the state such as the Advocate General the chairman and members of the State Public Service Commission.
  • Under Article 217(1) , the Governor advises the President regarding the appointment of judges in the High Court of the State.
  • Under Article 233 , the Governor appoints the District and Sessions Judge at the district level in consultation with the High Court.
  • Under Article 234 , the Governor appoints the persons related to the State Judicial Commission in consultation with the High Court of the State and the State Public Service Commission.
  • discretionary powers of governor
  • According to Article 200 , the Governor can reserve any bill passed by the State Legislative Assembly for the consideration of the President.
  • Under Article 356 the President can recommend the rule of the President on the failure of the constitutional machinery in the state.
  • In the absence of a clear majority, or in case the leader of the coalition party or the majority party is not elected, the Chief Minister can be appointed at his discretion.
  • If it appears to the Governor that the government has lost its majority in the Legislative Assembly he can ask the Chief Minister to prove his majority or to resign.
  • If a no-confidence motion is passed by the Assembly and the Council of Ministers is not ready to resign, the Governor can dissolve the Council of Ministers.
  • In special circumstances, the Governor can call a meeting of the Legislative Assembly at his discretion.

Specific facts about the Governor

  • Mrs. Sarojini Naidu has said that the Governor is like a bird living in a golden cage .
  • First Governor of Madhya Pradesh Dr. B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya and the first woman governor was Mrs. Sarla Grewal.
  • Acting Governors have been appointed for a total of 5 times in Madhya Pradesh . The first acting governor of the state,   Justice PV . Dixit was
  • The longest tenure as Governor of Madhya Pradesh is Shri Hari Vinayak Patskar and the shortest tenure is Justice PV. It was Dixit.
  • The present Governor of Madhya Pradesh is Shri Lalji Tandon.

List of Governor of Madhya Pradesh


Governor    Tenure 
Mr. B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya   

01.11.1956 to 13.06.1957



Mr. Hari Vinayak Pataskar  

14.06.1957 to 10.02.1965



Mr. K.C. reddy   

11.02.1965 to 02.02.1966



Justice P.V. Dixit (Acting)   

03.02.1966 to 09.02.1966



Mr. K.C. reddy  

10.02.1966 to 07.03.1971



Mr. Satyanarayan Sinha  

08.03.1971 to 13.10.1977



Shri Niranjan Nath Wanchoo  

14.10.1977 to 16.08.1978



Chippudira Muthana Punacha  

17.08.1978 to 29.04.1980



Mr. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma   

30.04.1980 to 25.05.1981



Justice G.P. Sinha (Acting)  

26.05.1981 to 09.07.1981



Mr. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma   

10.07.1981 to 20.09.1983



Justice G.P. Sinha (Acting)  

21.09.1983 to 07.10.1983



Mr. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma  

08.10.1983 to 14.05.1984



Mr. K.M. Chandi   

15.05.1984 to 30.11.1987



Justice N.D. Exorcist (Acting)   

01.12.1987 to 29.12.1987



Mr. K.M. Chandi   

30.12.1987 to 30.03.1989



Mrs. Sarla Grewal   

31.03.1989 to 05.02.1990



Kunwar Mehmood Ali Khan   

06.02.1990 to 23.06.1993



Dr. Mohammad Shafi Qureshi   

24.06.1993 to 21.04.1998



Dr. Bhai Mahavir   

22.04.1998 to 06.05.2003



Shri Ram Prakash Gupta  

07.05.2003 to 01.05.2004 Death during tenure



Shri Krishna Mohan Seth (Acting)  

02.05.2004 to 29.06.2004



Dr. Balram Jakhar  

30.06.2004 to 29.06.2009



Shri Rameshwar Thakur  

30.06.2009 to 07.09.2011



Mr. Ramnaresh Yadav  

08.09.2011 to 07.09.2016



Mr. O.P. Kohli  

08.09.2016 to January 2018



Mrs. Anandiben Patel  

January 2018 to July 28, 2019 



Shri Lal Ji Tandon   

Continuing from 29 July 2019


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