History of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly | MP General Knowledge

History of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly | MP General Knowledge
Posted on 21-04-2022

History of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly

  • Before August 15, 1947, many small and big princely states and native states were in existence in the country. 
  • After independence they were merged and integrated into independent India. 
  • After the constitution came into force on 26 January 1950, the first general elections were held in the country in 1952, due to which the Parliament and the Legislature became functional. 
  • As a result of the reorganization of the states in 1956, the new state of Madhya Pradesh came into existence on November 1, 1956. 
  • The constituent states of the new state of Madhya Pradesh were Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal, which had their own Legislative Assemblies. 
  • As a result of the reorganization, all the four Legislative Assemblies were merged into one Legislative Assembly. 
  • The first Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly came into existence on November 1, 1956. Its first and last session was held from 17 December 1956 to 17 January 1957.


The description of the constituent states and units of Madhya Pradesh is as follows:-


Vindhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha

  • Vindhya Pradesh was formed on 4th April, 1948 and was given the status of 'B' category state. Its Rajpramukh was Shri Martand Singh. 
  • In 1950, this state was reduced from "B" to "C" category. 
  • In the general election of 1952, 60 members were elected to the Legislative Assembly here, which was headed by Shri Sivanand. 
  • From March 1, 1952, this state was made a Lieutenant Governor's state. Pt. Shambhunath Shukla became its Chief Minister. 
  • The first meeting of the Vindhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly was held on 21st April, 1952. Its tenure lasted for about four and a half years and about 170 meetings were held. 
  • Shri Shyam Sundar 'Shyam' was the Deputy Speaker of this Legislative Assembly. 
  • The building of the Legislative Assembly of the erstwhile Vindhya Pradesh located at Rewa) 


Bhopal Vidhan Sabha

  • Before the first general elections, the Bhopal State was governed by the Chief Commissioner under the Central Government.
  • It was accorded the status of a "C" category state with a thirty-member Legislative Assembly.
  • Out of thirty members, 6 members were elected from scheduled castes and 1 member from scheduled tribes and 23 from general areas.
  • Of the thirty constituencies, 16 were single-member and seven bicameral.
  • The Legislative Assembly was duly constituted after the first general election. The tenure of Bhopal Legislative Assembly was from March, 1952 to October, 1956 for about four and a half years.
  • The Chief Minister of Bhopal State was Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma and the Speaker of this Vidhan Sabha was Mr. Sultan Mohammad Khan and the Deputy Speaker Mr. Laxminarayan Agrawal.
  • The building of the Legislative Assembly of the former Bhopal state located in Bhopal

Madhya Bharat Vidhan Sabha (Gwalior)

  • The Madhya Bharat unit was established in May 1948 by amalgamating the princely states of Gwalior, Indore and Malwa. 
  • Due to being the largest of the Gwalior state, the then ruler of the state, Shri Jivaji Rao Scindia, was made the lifelong Raj Pramukh of Madhya Bharat and Shri Liladhar Joshi, the Chief Minister of Gwalior, was made the first Chief Minister. 
  • This cabinet took oath on June 4, 1948. After that a 75 member Legislative Assembly was formed, in which 40 representatives were elected from Gwalior State, 20 from Indore and remaining 15 from other small princely states. 
  • This Legislative Assembly continued till 31 October 1956. 
  • In the general elections held in 1952, 99 seats were earmarked for the Madhya Bharat Legislative Assembly, Madhya Bharat was divided into 59 single-member constituencies and 20 bicameral constituencies. Out of total 99 places, 17 SCs are there. and 12 places ST. kept safe for 
  • The first session of the new Legislative Assembly of Madhya Bharat was held in Gwalior on March 17, 1952. The tenure of this Legislative Assembly was about four and a half years. 
  • The Speaker of this Legislative Assembly, Shri A.S. Patwardhan and Vice President Shri V.V. Were all. 
  • The building of the Legislative Assembly of the former Madhya Bharat State at Moti Mahal, Gwalior

Central Provinces and Berar Legislative Assembly 

  • In the past, a state called Central Provinces and Berar was in existence comprising the present Mahakaushal, Chhattisgarh and Berar region of Maharashtra. 
  • After the reorganization of the state, the region of Mahakaushal and Chhattisgarh ie formerly Madhya Pradesh (which was called Central Provinces) became a part of present Madhya Pradesh. Accordingly, the assembly constituencies of that area were also included in the present assembly constituencies of Madhya Pradesh. 
  • The building of the Legislative Assembly of the former Madhya Bharat State at Moti Mahal, Gwalior

Dates of formation and dissolution of the existing Legislative Assemblies from the first Legislative Assembly



Formation date


dissolution date

 first legislative assembly





  second assembly





  third assembly





  Fourth Legislative Assembly





  fifth assembly





Sixth Legislative Assembly





  seventh legislative assembly





  Eighth Legislative Assembly





  9th Legislative Assembly





tenth assembly





  11 Legislative Assembly





  12 assembly





  13 Legislative Assembly





   14 assembly







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