Indian Councils Act 1892: Due to the earlier Acts, Indians had started getting entry into public service, economy, etc. to some extent. As a result of which the development of nationalism and political consciousness started in other Indians also. After the formation of the Congress in 1885, the demand for the presence of Indians in the central and provincial government began to grow rapidly. Keeping these circumstances in mind, the British Government passed the India Council Act of 1892.
Indian Councils Act 1892
Its main points are as follows -
- It increased the functions of the Legislative Council and empowered them to debate the budget and answer questions of the executive. But the executive was not given the right to ask supplementary questions and vote.
- The number of additional members was increased in the Central and Provincial Councils.
- The number of additional members in the Central Council was reduced to a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 16.
- The number of additional members in the provincial council was increased. The number was increased to 20 in Bombay and Madras and 15 in Uttar Pradesh.
- Through this, the number of non-official members in the Central and Provincial Legislative Councils was also increased, although the majority remained official members. It was mandatory for 2/5 members to be non-official.
- According to the provisions of this Act, the Viceroy was given special powers in relation to the private members nominated in the Central and the Governors in the Provincial Legislative Councils.
- It provided for the powers of the Viceroy for the nomination of private members to the Central Legislative Council and the Bengal Chamber of Commerce.
- In the provincial legislative councils, the governor could nominate non-official members on the basis of the recommendations of the district council, municipality, university, trade union, a zamindar, etc.
- In addition to the provincial legislative councils, the governor had the power to appoint non-official members on the recommendations of the district council, municipalities, universities, trade unions, landlords, and the chamber of commerce.
- According to the provisions of the Council of India Act of 1861, the private members appointed to the Legislative Council, who were mainly kings-princes, big landlords, and retired officials were unable to establish a social affiliation with the common people of India. The Act, therefore, provided for a committee and indirect elections for the appointment of private members to both the Central and Provincial Legislative Councils, although the word election was not used in the Act, "a process of nomination to be made on the recommendation of certain bodies". process”.