After independence, Madhya Pradesh
- Before independence, like other regions of the country, the area known as present-day Madhya Pradesh was administered by princely states and under British rule. After independence, the states were formed on this basis.
- The first were the Part-A provinces , which included all the provinces of British India . Then there were the Part-B states , in which the provinces formed by combining the princely states came. Then there were the Part-C states which were ruled by the Centre.
- After the independence of the country, four states Bhopal , Madhya Bharat , Vindhya Pradesh and Vindhya Pradesh came into existence in the areas comprising today's Madhya Pradesh land . Among these Bhopal was Part-C State , Madhya Bharat was Part-B State and Madhya Pradesh and Vindhya Pradesh (old) was Part-A State. On January 1 , 1950 , Vindhya Pradesh was given the status of Part-C state. These states and their capitals were as follows:
state capital _
- Bhopal (Part-C State) - Bhopal
- Central India (Part-B State) - Indore , Gwalior
- Vindhya Pradesh (Part-C State) - Rewa
- Madhya Pradesh (Old) (Part-A State) - Nagpur
Bhopal (Part-C State)
- Bhopal became a Union Territory after the British left India. On June 1 , 1949 , the Government of India took it under its control.
- Shri NB Banerjee was appointed as the Chief Commissioner here.
- In 1952 , the elected representatives of the people took over the governance of Bhopal . Chief Minister Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma became the Chief Minister . Bhopal state was divided into two districts Raisen and Sehore.
- Madhya Bharat was also in the integration of 600 states after independence .
- On April 22 , 1948 , the kings of 22 princely states of this state signed this agreement. Gwalior and Indore were made the joint capital. Gwalior for six and a half months and Indore capital for five and a half months. During the period 1948-46 , the administration of the state of Central India was carried out by the elected cabinet.
- Liladhar Joshi was the head of the first elected cabinet.
- Takhatmal Jain was the Chief Minister at the time of reorganization of the states ( 1956) .
- Gwalior and Indore had high quality airports in central India. On 26 July 1984 , airlines were started from Indore to Gwalior , Delhi and Mumbai.
- Madhav Sagar (Tigra-Gwalior) was a useful station for ships.
- The rich and advanced region of Central India has been the center of literature, education and art in the cultural field since ancient times . The city of Mahishmati , Ujjayini and Dhar has witnessed the golden era of Indian history when the representative poets here enriched the world literature with their poetry.
- The King Edward Hospital Medical School , which was in operation since 1878 , was converted into Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College , Indore in July 1948 . Its foundation stone was laid in June1948by Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, the then Health Minister of the Government of India.
- PMB established in 1951 . Gujarati College Indore , Govindram Sexaria Institute of Technology Indore established in 1954 and Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry and Livestock Research Institute , Mhow , established in 1955 were other prominent institutions in the field of higher education established in Madhya Bharat.
- The murals of the Bagh Caves located in central India glorified Indian painting.
- The painters of central India have tried to keep that tradition intact. Shri Pawalkar , Shri P.Nyogi , Devlalikar , Manohar Singh Joshi , Umesh Kumar Srivastava , Bhand , Devkrishna Joshi , Rudrahan and Chandresh Saxena etc. had a prominent place in the field of painting.
- Central India was undoubtedly unique in the field of music. The dhrupad style of Udayana , Devasena , Roopmati and Mansen and Tansen, one of the Navaratnas of Akbar, is well known. Baba Dixit , Vasudev Bua Joshi , Shankar Rao Pandit etc. were famous for their classical music. Among the musicians of Gwalior, the names of Krishnarao Pandit , Raja Bhaiya Poonchwale , Saptarishibandhu are notable. Among the modern musicians, the name of Rahimuddin of Indore is prominent. The master of sarodvadan Hafiz Ali Khan has also held a high position among musicians. Binkar Bande Ali Khan was his disciple Murad Khan and Murad Khan's disciple Babu Khan was the master of Binkari (Indore).
- Nana Saheb Apte was a famous Dhrupad singer . Dargabandhu,Nasiruddin Khan Dagar and Rahimuddin Dagar are considered great singers of this melodious and rare form of classical music. famous actors of marathi
- Musician Master Dinanath was a resident of Indore. His daughters Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhansle are best playback singers.
Vindhya Pradesh was made up of major state powers. It was:
- 1. Baghel Rajsatta ,
- 2. Bundelkhand State ,
Baghelkhand and Bundelkhand
- The history of Baghelkhand begins with Vikram Samvat 1234 , when Solanki king Vyaghradev of Gujarat came to Rewa and laid the foundation of the state of Baghel.
- The land of Baghelkhand included Rewa , Sohawal , Koti , Nagoda and Maihar states.
- King Virbhadra, who was associated with the Gaharvars of Kashi, wrote V.S. After the death of father Hemkaran in 1928 , the foundation of the Bundela dynasty was laid at a place called Ater. Malkhan Singh, a descendant of Sohanpal of the same dynasty, snatched Orchha, the ancient capital of the Parihars, in V.S. He made his capital at Orchha in 1558 .
- When the British rule was established on Bundelkhand , at that time there were 43 princely states and jagirs in Bundelkhand. These include Orchha , Datia , Panna , Khaniyadhana , Garauli , Athbhaiya Jagir (Dhurvai , Vijna , Banka-Pahari , Tori , Fatepur) , Behat , Charkhari , Ajaygarh , Jaso , Bijawar , Sarila , Jigani , Sambhar , Lugasi .Chhatarpur , Alipura , Naugaon-Ribai , Beri , Baruchha , Gaurihar , Bamni , Chaubey Jagirs (Paldev , Pahra , Taron , Bhaisoudha , Kamta , Rajoula) were the main ones.
- After the independence of India in 1947 , 35 princely states of Bundelkhand and Baghelkhand signed the resolution letter to form the United State of Vindhya Pradesh in March 1948 . First of all, this state was kept in the form of two units, Rewa and Bundelkhand , whose Rajpramukh was appointed as Maharaja Martand Singh Ji Dev of Rewa. Under the leadership of Captain Awadhesh Pratap Singh and Shri Kamta Prasad Saxena, cabinets were formed in Baghelkhand (Rewa) and Bundelkhand. In July 1948 , a cabinet was formed by jointing the two governments. Its Prime Minister became Captain Awadhesh Pratap Singh.
- Finally , on January 1 , 1950 , Vindhya Pradesh became a administered Part C State. On January 25 , 1950 , the island units of Vindhya Pradesh (except Datia district) were transferred to Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Bharat and Madhya Pradesh. In 1952 , an elected assembly of 60 representatives was formed in Vindhya Pradesh and on April 2 , 1952 , the Popular Cabinet was established , with Pt. Shambhunath Shukla as its Chief Minister.
- Due to its location in the Vindhyagiri hills, this region was named Vindhya Pradesh. Son , Tons , Ken , Dhasan , Betwa and Indus were the main rivers of the region , whose flow was from south to north. Due to the abundance of waterfalls, Vindhya Pradesh was also called the region of the people. The Kapil stream from Narmada, the tributary of the Tamas river, the Kyonti ofthe estuary, the Pandava Falls of Ken and the'Crow Seha' of Kilkila and the' Small Pandavas' of Samua, with the help of Sneha Kane, Jamun's aid ' Kundeshwar ' of Jamdar and ' Sankua ' of Sindhya were the main falls.
- The capital of Vindhya Pradesh was Rewa and Naugaon also had several main offices.
Madhya Pradesh (Old) (Part-A State) - Nagpur
- In the classification of states done after independence, the state of Madhya Pradesh was formed by joining the princely states of Mahakaushal and Chhattisgarh in CP&Berar. Its capital was kept at Nagpur. In 1950 it was renamed as Madhya Pradesh and included in Part A-states. Narmada , Tapti , Wardha , Wainganga were the main rivers here.
- Before the implementation of the first five year plan, 35 major and 87 minor irrigation works were started here , the work of Muram Talab scheme of Balaghat district and Chichband Talab scheme of Chhindwara district was completed before 1951 .
- Madhya Pradesh had a partial monopoly in the whole country in terms of production of lac and leather. Lac was collected in large quantities mainly from the Ghont , Palash and Musum wild trees , which were found mostly in Damoh , Gondia and Dhamtari respectively. Leather was made from it in the lac and leather factories of Gondia , Dhamtari and Raigad.
- The main areas of iron production in the state were located in Jabalpur and Hoshangabad (Narsinghpur) districts. This state was famous not only in India but all over the world from the point of view of Mangrej production. Bauxite deposits were mainly found in Katni tehsil of Jabalpur district , Baihar tehsil of Balaghat district.
- The work of extracting limestone was mainly done in Jabalpur. Talc , Jabalpur , Fire-clay Jabalpur district and Felspar were mainly found in Chhindwara district.
- The cotton cloth industry was considered to be the most important industry of old Madhya Pradesh. The biggest reason for this industry to flourish here was the vast cotton area of the state. The entire Brar, Bimad district, Wardha district, Nagpur district, the eastern region of Bhandara district and the northern region of Chanda district were famous for cotton production. Sir Jamshedji Tata was credited with opening the golden chapter of cotton mills in the history of Madhya Pradesh.