Madhya Pradesh Panchayati Raj | MP General Knowledge

Madhya Pradesh Panchayati Raj | MP General Knowledge
Posted on 22-04-2022

Madhya Pradesh Panchayati Raj

  • In Madhya Pradesh, under the 73rd Constitutional Amendment, the MP Panchayati Raj Act 1993 was implemented on 30 December 1993 which was passed on 25 January 1994 and came into force on 20 August 1994 . 
  •  According to this act there are three levels of Panchayati Raj system. The tenure of all the three levels is years. 

Gram Panchayat

  • A Gram Panchayat will be formed in villages having population of more than 1000 .
  • The village is divided into wards .
  • Head: Sarpanch
  • Membership Minimum: 10
  • Membership Max: 20
  • The Sarpanch and Panch are directly elected by the people and the Up-Sarpanch is indirectly elected by the Panches.
  • The members of the village are the voters.


Panchayat Secretary

is appointed by the Panchayat but he is a Government servant.

  • The Sarpanch , Up-Sarpanch can be removed by a no-confidence motion even before his 5 year tenure.
  • After 2 years of being elected Sarpanch by Right to Recall , he can be removed by 2/3 majority .
  • At present the biggest problem of Panchayats is the lack of finance.
  • Present M.P. Number of Gram Panchayats in: 23,012
  • Any Gram Sabha must have a population of 200 or more.
  • There should be 10 Gram Panchayat members in villages with a population of up to 1000 , 11 by 2000 and 15 members up to a population of 3000 .
  • The meeting of Gram Sabha is required to be held twice in a year. The notice of which has to be given 15 days in advance.
  • The village head has the right to call the meeting of the Gram Sabha. The presence of 5th part of the total number of members is necessary for the meeting.


Work of Gram Panchayat

  1. Village cleaning lighting and drinking water system operation of Anganwadis monitoring of rural development programs
  2. agricultural work
  3. rural development work
  4. Primary school upper primary school and non-formal education work
  5. youth welfare work
  6. Repair and maintenance of state tube wells
  7. medical and health related work
  8. Women and Child Development Works
  9. Livestock Development Works
  10. The work of sanctioning and disbursing all types of pension
  11. Acceptance and distribution of all types of scholarships
  12. Allotment and cancellation of ration shop
  13. Village level works related to Panchayati Raj etc.

gram panchayat committees

  1. planning and development committee
  2. construction work committee
  3. Education Committee
  4. administrative committee
  5. health and welfare committee
  6. water management committee


Sources of income of Gram Panchayat

  • Contributions , grants or loans or other types of funds received from the Government of India
  • Income received from movable and immovable property provided by the state government
  • Amounts received from land revenue and cess
  • Other income relating to contributions grants or loans from the State Government
  • Grants or loans received from any corporation body , company or person with the permission of the State Government
  • donations or contributions
  • Other sources prescribed by the government

Janpad Panchayat _

  • Membership Minimum: 10
  • Membership Maximum: 25
  • Presently there are 313 Janpad Panchayats in Madhya Pradesh.
  • This is the middle level which is formed on the development block.
  • A Janpad Panchayat is formed in a block with a population of more than 5000 .
  • The members are directly elected by the public while the president and vice-president are indirectly elected by the members.
  • Ex-officio Member: There are MPs Sarpanch and MLAs.
  • Co-operative banks are headed by a co-chaired member.
  • The Chief Administrative Officer of the Janpad Panchayat is the CEO , who is an officer selected by the State Public Service Commission.


Sources of income of Janpad Panchayat

  • Local cess share of land revenue and other amount received from Zilla Parishad
  • Income from tax octroi surcharge and fees
  • Income from public ghats fairs haats and other similar sources
  • Such contributions or donations which are received from Zilla Parishads Gram Panchayats Notified Area Committees Municipalities or Trusts and Institutions
  • Funds of any kind including contributions or grants or loans received from the Government of India and the State Government
  • Loans received from other institutions etc.


Standing Committees of Janpad Panchayat

  • Agriculture Animal Husbandry Minor Irrigation and Co-operative Society
  • Education committee consisting of social education local arts and crafts small savings and cottage industries and education etc.
  • Public Health and Sanitation Committee Traffic and Construction Committee
  • economic and financial committee
  • social welfare committee etc.



  • There shall be two members elected by the members of each Panchayat of the block. On the basis of population, seats will be reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
  • Even in the reserved posts, thirty percent of the posts will be reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. If only two posts are reserved, one will be reserved for women.
  • In the unreserved posts also 30% seats will be reserved for women.


Zilla Panchayat

  • The top level of the Panchayati Raj system is the Zilla Panchayat. Its chairman is indirectly elected.


The Zilla Panchayat consists of the following members –

  • Its membership number can be minimum 10 and maximum 35 .
  • Speaker Elected Member Belonging to District , Member of Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha Vidhan Sabha and Legislative Council
  • One-third of the seats are reserved for women.
  • Presently there are 51 district panchayats in Madhya Pradesh.
  • A Zilla Panchayat is constituted in an area having a population of 50 thousand or more.
  • The members are elected directly by the public and the president and vice-president are elected indirectly by the members.
  • As its ex-officio members, the Jandap Panchayat has its President MLA and MP.
  • The Collector is also an ex-officio member.
  • The executive officer is an IAS . which is appointed by the state government.



  • The secretary is the head officer of the district panchayat. He is appointed by the government on the demand of the Zila Panchayat. The secretary prepares the budget of the district panchayat and presents it to the district panchayat.
  • He receives government grants and funds from the Zilla Panchayat. The income and expenditure of the district panchayat is paid by him.


chief executive officer

  • It is appointed by the provincial government from amongst the higher time scale officers of the Indian Administrative Service.


Functions of Zilla Panchayat:

  • The Zilla Panchayat creates coordination between the work of the Kshetra Panchayats and the Panchayats in the district advises them and looks after their work. The Zilla Panchayat also has to perform executive functions in the areas of health education and social welfare etc.


District Panchayat Committees

  1. executive Committee
  2. planning and finance committee
  3. Industry and Construction Committee
  4. Education Committee
  5. health and welfare committee
  6. water management committee


source of income

  1. Grants by the Central and Provincial Governments ,
  2. Grants received from All India Institutions ,
  3. fixed share of revenue ,
  4. Recovery made by the District Panchayat from the Kshetra Panchayats ,
  5. Income from administrative trusts by District Panchayat ,
  6. Grants given by the Zilla Panchayat and by the people ,
  7. The Zilla Panchayat can also take government loans and non-government loans with the prior permission of the government.


Other important facts related to Panchayati Raj System:

  • Gram Swaraj Yojana was implemented from 26 January 2001 .
  • Madhya Pradesh Election Commission was formed on 19 January 1994 for election related works . Which gets the work done for the selection of these three levels! B. Lohani was the first chairman of Madhya Pradesh Election Commission .
  • The current chairman of the Madhya Pradesh Election Commission, R. It's Parashurama!
  • The current secretary of Madhya Pradesh Election Commission is Sunita Tripathi.
  • Madhya Pradesh Finance Commission is constituted at an interval of every years to provide finance to the Panchayats from the State Government .
  • The Finance Department of the Government of Madhya Pradesh has constituted the Fifth State Finance Commission in 2017 . Senior BJP leader and former home minister Himmat Kothari has been given the role of chairman and Milind Waikar as member secretary as the chairman of the commission.
  • Under the Madhya Pradesh Panchayati Raj Act, the first elections in Madhya Pradesh were held in March April 1994 .
  • Reservation has also been arranged for SC, ST, OBC and women at all three levels .
  • MP who implemented the 73rd Constitutional Amendment was the first state.
  • In 1907 , the first municipality was formed in Datia.
  • Voters' Day is celebrated every day on 25th January.
  • MP It is the first state from which the provision of Right to Recall has been made in the local bodies .
  • Right to Recall was first used in Madhya Pradesh in Anuppur tehsil of Shahdol district .


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