Prehistoric Madhya Pradesh
- Stone Age 42 lakh BC to 4000 BC
- Chalcolithic period 2800 to 700 BC
- Man's habitation was on the banks of rivers and in cisterns, tools, made of stone and bones, used for hunting animals.
- Remains and rock paintings were obtained from Bhimbetka, Hoshangabad, Sagar, Bhopal, Raisen, Nemawar, Chhanera, Maheshwar, Pachmarhi, Adamgarh, Mandsaur.
- Mesolithic period
- Late Paleolithic
- New Stone Age
- In the Palaeolithic period, the use of tools without cane/handles like handcuffs, and scrapers.
- Remains of the Palaeolithic period have been found in the valleys of Narmada, Chambal, Sonar, Parvati, Betwa, Hiran, and Wainganga.
The tools of the Mesolithic period were made of high-quality stones, which were small in size.
- The Late Stone Age is also called the Small Tool Stone Age. Scale, drill, and scraper are the main tools. Humans used animals, birds, and fish for food.
- East Nimar , Shahdol , Mandsaur, Hoshangabad , Rewa , Sehore , Uchhain , Mandla , Chhatarpur , Chhindwara were the areas of this period.
New Stone Age
- Humans learned to do agriculture in the Neolithic period.
- Making pottery, living in a hut, using clothes.
- The tools of this period were obtained from Airan, Jabalpur, Damoh, and Sagar.
Chalcolithic 2800 to 700 BC
- Man learned to use copper with stone.
- This civilization was contemporary to Mohenjodaro and Harappa.
- This civilization flourished on the banks of rivers Narmada, Chambal, Betwa and Jabalpur, Balaghat.
- Evidence of this civilization has been found from Kayatha, Aran, Awara, Navdatoli, Dogwala, and Besnagar of Malwa.
- Kayatha MP. It was the first Chalcolithic settlement.
- Dr. V.Shri. Wakankar discovered Nagda , Kayatha.
- Dr. Sankalia discovered Maheshwar, Navdatoli.
- Nomadic life ended, and farming and animal husbandry started. Cow, dog, and goat were reared among the animals.