Prevalence of Diabetes in Indian States/UTs: A Comprehensive Analysis

Prevalence of Diabetes in Indian States/UTs: A Comprehensive Analysis
Posted on 09-06-2023

Prevalence of Diabetes in Indian States/UTs: A Comprehensive Analysis


Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that has reached epidemic proportions globally, including in India. It poses significant challenges to public health due to its associated complications and economic burden. Understanding the regional distribution of diabetes prevalence is crucial for developing effective prevention and management strategies. In this article, we present a detailed analysis of the highest percentage of diabetics in Indian states/union territories (UTs) based on a study published in the UK medical journal Lancet, conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).


State-wise Diabetes Prevalence Analysis:

  1. Goa: With a staggering 26.4% prevalence of diabetes, Goa tops the list of Indian states/UTs with the highest percentage of diabetics. This finding reflects the need for targeted interventions and lifestyle modifications in this region to address the diabetes burden effectively.

  2. Puducherry: Puducherry, with a diabetes prevalence of 26.3%, closely follows Goa in terms of the highest percentage of diabetics. This union territory faces similar challenges as Goa, necessitating immediate attention from healthcare authorities and policymakers.

  3. Kerala: Kerala, known for its high literacy rates and quality healthcare, reports a significant diabetes prevalence of 25.5%. The reasons behind this high prevalence may include a sedentary lifestyle, dietary factors, and a genetic predisposition. Addressing these factors and promoting awareness can contribute to effective diabetes management in the state.

  4. Chandigarh: Chandigarh, a union territory and the capital city of both Punjab and Haryana, experiences a diabetes prevalence of 20.4%. The urbanized lifestyle and changing dietary patterns contribute to the high burden of diabetes in this region. Implementing community-based interventions and lifestyle modifications are essential to tackle this issue effectively.

  5. Delhi: Delhi, the national capital territory, reports a diabetes prevalence of 17.8%. Rapid urbanization, sedentary lifestyles, and an increasing prevalence of obesity contribute to the diabetes burden in the region. Public health initiatives focused on education, awareness, and access to healthcare services are crucial in addressing this challenge.

  6. Tamil Nadu: Tamil Nadu, a state in South India, exhibits a diabetes prevalence of 14.4%. Factors such as urbanization, genetic predisposition, and changing dietary habits contribute to this significant burden. Diabetes awareness programs, early screening, and lifestyle interventions can help in mitigating the impact of diabetes in the state.

  7. West Bengal: West Bengal, a state in Eastern India, reports a diabetes prevalence of 13.7%. The state faces challenges such as a growing urban population, sedentary lifestyles, and a high prevalence of obesity. Public health initiatives, including preventive healthcare and health promotion campaigns, can play a crucial role in addressing the diabetes burden effectively.

  8. Sikkim: Sikkim, a small mountainous state in Northeast India, exhibits a diabetes prevalence of 12.8%. While the prevalence is relatively lower compared to other states, it is still a cause for concern. Geographic isolation, limited healthcare resources, and cultural factors may influence the diabetes burden in this region. Strengthening healthcare infrastructure and raising awareness can aid in diabetes prevention and management.

  9. Punjab: Punjab, a state known for its agricultural productivity, reports a diabetes prevalence of 12.7%. Rapid urbanization, changing dietary habits, and genetic factors contribute to the high prevalence of diabetes in this region. Targeted interventions focusing on lifestyle modifications, regular screening, and access to healthcare facilities are vital to reducing the diabetes burden in Punjab.

  10. Haryana: Haryana, a state neighboring Delhi, exhibits a diabetes prevalence of 12.4%. The state faces similar challenges as Punjab, with rapid urbanization and changing lifestyles contributing to the diabetes burden. Public health initiatives aimed at promoting physical activity, healthy eating habits, and diabetes awareness can make a significant impact on the health of the population.



Diabetes is a growing public health concern in India, and understanding the state-wise distribution of diabetes prevalence is crucial for targeted interventions and resource allocation. The analysis presented in this article highlights the states and union territories with the highest percentages of diabetics, emphasizing the need for comprehensive diabetes prevention and management strategies at regional levels. Addressing risk factors such as sedentary lifestyles, unhealthy dietary habits, and limited access to healthcare services can help mitigate the burden of diabetes and improve the overall health outcomes of the affected population in these regions.

Thank You