Religious Life of Indus Valley Civilization (Based on NCERT)

Religious Life of Indus Valley Civilization (Based on NCERT)
Posted on 25-04-2022

Religious Life of Indus Valley Civilization

Religious Life of Indus Valley Civilization / Religious Life of Harappan Civilization: The religious life of the Indus Civilization or Harappan Civilization was mainly based on the worship of the Mother Goddess. A large number of female idols have been found in the excavation, from which it is known that the people of Sandhav used to worship the mother goddess and in the family also the orders of the woman were followed.

Religious Life of Indus Civilization or Harappan Civilization

  • The people of Sandhav used to worship the deities along with the mother goddess.
  • Religious buildings were built for religious ceremonies. But temple evidence is not available.
  • Sacrifices were also offered to the mother goddesses and deities.
  • A seal has been received from Mohenjodaro on which a three-faced man in Padmasana posture is sitting in meditation, with three horns on his head, a rhinoceros and a buffalo on the left, and an elephant and a tiger on the right. Two deer are sitting under the easy. It is considered a form of Pashupati Mahadev.
  • Worship of Pashupatinathtreelingavagina, animal, etc. was also done. Tree worship was very popular.
  • The people of this period also believed in witchcraftghosts, and other superstitions.
  • A large number of terracotta female sculptures have been found from Harappa, one of which shows a plant growing out of a woman's womb, which suggests that the earth was considered a goddess of fertility and possibly worshipped. Used to go too.
  • Animal worship was also practiced during this period. The main worship was a one-horned animal, which may have been a rhinoceros. Some scholars suggest that it may have been a unicorn. In the excavation, the marking of a humpbacked Vrishabha (bull) has been found on the seals, possibly the humpbacked Vrishabha would also have been worshipped. Fakhta (a pigeon-like bird that is reddish-brown in color) was worshiped as a sacred bird.
  • Agnikunda (Havan Kund) and Agnivedikas have been found in the excavations of Lothal in Gujarat and Kalibanga in Rajasthan.
  • The swastika symbol is probably a product of the Harappan civilization itself.
  • In the excavations of the Indus Civilization, shavadhans (burial places or graves) have been found. The dead were buried in tombs, in some tombs, pottery utensils and ornaments have also been found along with the dead bodies, possibly the Indus people believed that these items could be used even after death.


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