People are quite obsessed with a perfectly slim and even very slim figure, this in the long run causes very strong self-esteem conflict and even health problems and depression for them. That is when they fall into the hands of anorexia. Do you know what it is and how dangerous it can be? In the following article, we will talk about it, its effects, who can suffer from it, and many more.
Anorexia is a psychological condition, in which the person who suffers from it has the obsessive desire to maintain body weight well below normal. The person is afraid of gaining weight, and therefore controls the diet and even exercises to the point of interfering with their daily life.
This disorder frequently affects girls and women, but lately also boys and men and unfortunately, it has been proven that it is one of the eating disorders that begin to occur at 11-12 years of age.
Those who suffer from anorexia are at risk of dying, due to complications associated with suicide, ingestion of laxatives and dietary aids, and vomiting after consuming food, for this reason, people should be warned even from websites that promote anorexia and bulimia with deadly advice.
The symptoms of anorexia are physical, emotional, and behavioral, which are the following:
Behavioral and emotional symptoms:
It is not known what causes anorexia, only that it is possibly a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental elements. Although it is thought that if there is someone in the family who suffers from it, there will probably continue to be cases in the family, traits such as perfectionism and sensitivity are also associated with the condition.
There are people with obsessive-compulsive conditions who, in order to control their anxiety, develop anorexia. In women, success and self-esteem go hand in hand with beauty as well as being thin, so they can also influence their appearance.
There are people who are more likely to suffer from anorexia than others, then know which ones are at risk of suffering from it:
Anorexia can lead to other conditions for the body such as the following :
To diagnose anorexia, not only a physical examination is required to observe the person's state of health, in said examination it is measured, weighed, the heart is heard, the temperature, heart rate, and pulse are checked, and other signs. A psychological test is also required to determine if there is concern about appearing too thin.
If the person does not want to maintain their weight according to their age, refuses to do so, and has a distortion of their body image, we are present before a possible patient with anorexia. In addition, blood and electrolyte checks, urine tests, kidney function tests, liver function tests and, if possible, an electrocardiogram should be performed.
Let us remember that the greatest factor that allows the presence of anorexia is psychological, because patients do not like their figure, and for whatever reason, they want to lose weight. For this reason, it is important for the person to gain weight, but to achieve this, we must focus on making him understand that he has a problem and must recognize it.
Already focused on it, the treatment includes the attention of nutritionists, psychologists, and other experts for a very long period, and thus be aware of monitoring the person to prevent them from relapsing into stopping eating. A medication itself for anorexia does not exist, but before the presence of depression and anxiety, antidepressants are usually administered to help.
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