Who is Chandra, The Hindu God?

Who is Chandra, The Hindu God?
Posted on 21-06-2023

Who is Chandra, The Hindu God?

In Hindu mythology, Chandra is the deity associated with the Moon. As one of the Navagrahas (the nine celestial deities representing the planets), Chandra holds significant importance in Hindu cosmology and astrology. Chandra is revered for its celestial beauty, soothing nature, and influence over human emotions. This article delves into the origin, legends, symbolism, and significance of Chandra in Hinduism, shedding light on the multifaceted aspects of this divine figure.

  1. Origin and Genealogy of Chandra According to Hindu mythology, Chandra is the son of Sage Atri and his wife Anusuya. However, different accounts provide varying genealogies. In some versions, Chandra is born from the mind of the creator god Brahma. In others, Chandra is considered the son of Kashyapa and one of his wives, Aditi or Danu. These differing genealogies reflect the diverse narratives prevalent in Hindu mythology.

  2. Legends and Stories of Chandra Chandra's life are intertwined with various myths and legends. One famous tale revolves around his marriage to the twenty-seven daughters of Daksha Prajapati, the progenitor of creation. Chandra's love and affection were divided among his wives, causing friction and jealousy. As a result, Daksha cursed Chandra with a waning form, leading to the waxing and waning phases of the Moon.

Another prominent legend involving Chandra is his interaction with the deity Brihaspati (Jupiter). Chandra's wives admired Brihaspati's radiance, which caused Chandra to grow jealous. Seeking revenge, Chandra seduced Brihaspati's wife, Tara, leading to a fierce battle between the two gods. Ultimately, Chandra and Brihaspati reconciled, and Tara gave birth to Budha, the planet Mercury.

  1. Symbolism and Iconography Chandra is often depicted with a fair complexion, adorned in white garments, and mounted on a chariot drawn by ten white horses or antelopes. Chandra's iconography portrays a calm and serene deity with a soothing countenance. The Moon's association with coolness, tranquility, and beauty is reflected in Chandra's depictions.

The symbol of Chandra, the crescent Moon, is an integral part of his iconography. The crescent Moon represents the waxing and waning phases of the Moon, symbolizing the cyclical nature of life, death, and rebirth. It is also associated with fertility and the feminine energy.

  1. Chandra in Hindu Astrology and Beliefs Chandra holds immense significance in Hindu astrology. As one of the Navagrahas, Chandra's placement in an individual's birth chart influences their emotions, mind, and overall well-being. Chandra is believed to govern the water element and has a direct influence on tides, rainfall, and agricultural cycles.

Chandra's position in relation to other celestial bodies, particularly the Sun, is crucial in determining astrological predictions. The Moon's different phases, known as "tithis," are also considered important factors in Hindu rituals, festivals, and auspicious occasions.

  1. Chandra in Hindu Worship and Festivals Chandra is revered and worshipped by millions of devotees across the globe. Devotees seek Chandra's blessings to attain emotional balance, peace of mind, and a prosperous life. Mondays, considered auspicious for Chandra, are dedicated to his worship.

Several Hindu festivals celebrate Chandra's influence and significance. The most notable of these is the festival of Karva Chauth, where married women observe a day-long fast for the well-being and longevity of their husbands. Another important festival associated with Chandra is Chhath Puja, primarily observed in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh, where devotees offer prayers to the Sun and the Moon.

  1. Temples and Sacred Places Throughout India, numerous temples are dedicated to Chandra. One of the most prominent among them is the Chandra Devi Temple in the city of Suchindram, Tamil Nadu. This temple houses a shrine dedicated to Chandra, attracting devotees seeking his blessings.

In addition to the Chandra Devi Temple, other sacred places associated with Chandra include the Kailasanathar Temple in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, and the Somnath Temple in Gujarat, which is believed to be one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines.

  1. Chandra in Hindu Art and Literature Chandra's depiction can be found in various forms of Hindu art and literature. The ancient text, the Mahabharata, describes Chandra as a beautiful deity with intoxicating powers. He is also mentioned in the Ramayana, where he played a significant role in the birth of Lord Rama.

Chandra's influence is not limited to religious texts alone but extends to classical Indian dance, music, and poetry. The enchanting beauty and grace associated with the Moon have inspired countless artists and poets to depict and describe Chandra's divine presence.

  1. Chandra in Contemporary Culture Chandra's influence continues to be felt in modern times. The Hindu calendar is based on lunar months, with various festivals and rituals aligned with Chandra's phases. The association of Chandra with emotions and human psychology also finds its place in contemporary astrology and alternative healing practices.

Furthermore, Chandra's symbolism is incorporated into jewelry, fashion, and home decor. The crescent Moon motif is a popular design element, adorning accessories and personal adornments as a representation of beauty and elegance.


Chandra, the Hindu God of the Moon, holds a significant place in Hindu mythology, astrology, and religious practices. With diverse legends, symbolism, and iconography, Chandra embodies beauty, serenity, and the cyclical nature of life. Devotees seek Chandra's blessings for emotional balance, mental well-being, and harmonious life. From ancient temples to contemporary culture, Chandra's presence is felt in various aspects of Hindu art, literature, and daily life. As the Moon shines brightly in the night sky, Chandra continues to captivate the hearts and minds of millions, guiding them on their spiritual journeys.

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