For the protection of wildlife, birds, and the environment, 13 areas have been declared as Eco-Sensitive Zone by the Bihar State Government. Under the Eco-Sensitive Zone, a forest area up to 2 km from the boundary of the Wildlife Sanctuary has been included.
At present, there are one National Park and 12 Wildlife Sanctuaries in Bihar. Valmiki National Park The only national park in Bihar, located in West Champaran, was established in the year 1989.
Valmiki National Park
Valmiki National Park was established in the year 1990. Valmiki Nagar is located at a distance of about 100 km from Bettiah, which is located in the northernmost part of West Champaran district near the Nepal border. The Valmiki National Park is bounded by the Royal Chitwan National Park of Nepal on the north and the Gandak River of the Himalayan Mountains on the western district.
It covers an area of 898.45 square kilometers (346.89 sq mi). Here you can find tigers, sloth bears, wolves, deer, serows, cheetahs, pythons, peefols, chitals, sambar, nilgai, cheetahs, hyenas, Indian civets, wild cats, hog deer, wild dogs, monkeys, one-horned rhinoceros and You can see Indian buffaloes.
Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary is situated at a distance of 56 km from Munger. This sanctuary is located in the southwest of Munger district. The distance of this sanctuary is 20 km from Jamui railway station and 200 km from Patna airport. According to the Mahabharata, Bhima, one of the Pandavas, built a dam (bandh) here and hence it is called Bhimabandha.
This forest is situated in the famous Kharagpur hill range, which is to the south of the Ganges river and is surrounded by densely populated non-forest areas all around. The vegetation of these forests is very dense, where Sal, Kend, and other trees are found.
Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Nilgai, Sambar, Barking Deer, Monkey, Wild Bear, Four-horned Antelope are found in the sanctuary. There are many tourist places near the sanctuary, including Rishi Kund, Sita Kund, Ha-Ha Panch Kumari, Rameshwar Kund, and Kharagpur Lake.
Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary
Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary is located at a distance of 2 km from Rajgir Railway Station. Its distance from Patna airport is 105 km. In 1978, the Rajgir Aranya area of 35.84 square kilometers was made a wildlife sanctuary by the Environment and Forest Department. However, a few years back it was also known as Pant Wildlife Sanctuary.
There are many hot water springs in this area. A considerable amount of sulfur is found in these hot springs. Many rare species of flora and fauna are found in Rajgir Sanctuary. Cheetah, hyena, barking deer, and nilgai are found in this sanctuary. The birds found here are as follows – Peafowl, Jungle Fowl, Parties, Black and Brown Quails, Horn Beal, Parrot, Dove, Myna, etc. National Highway 82 passes through Rajgir forest areas.
Kaimur Wildlife Refuge
Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Kaimur district under DFO Shahabad Division. The area of this sanctuary is 1342 square kilometers. Tigers keep coming and going in this area. Black Buck, Nilgai, Chinkara, Tiger, Leopard, Hyena, Wild Boar, Sloth Bear, etc. are found here.
Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary
This sanctuary is located at a distance of 20 km from Gaya and 60 km from Bodh Gaya. The area of this sanctuary is 259 square kilometers. The reach of this forest area is up to the hills of Chotanagpur and the border area of Uttar Pradesh. For this reason, this area is considered a very large and favorable area for wildlife. Tigers, leopards, hyenas, sloth bears, wild dogs, wild boar, sambar, spotted deer, and nilgai are found here.
Udaipur Wildlife Sanctuary
Udaipur Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the West Champaran district at a distance of about 15 km from Bettiah. It was established in 1978. It is spread over an area of about 8.87 square kilometers. The wildlife sanctuary is primarily a wetland, situated on a bull lake in the floodplain of the Gandaki River. Spotted deer, barking deer, wild boar, nilgai, wolves, wild cats, etc. are found here.
Kabar Lake Bird Sanctuary
Kabar Jheel Bird Sanctuary is situated at a distance of 22 kms to the North West of Begusarai. The area of this sanctuary is 42 square kilometers. This lake is formed on the banks of the river Budhi Gandak which is also home to about 59 types of migratory birds and 31 species of fish along with 106 local species. Apart from this, 165 plant species are found here. This lake was given the status of bird sanctuary by the Bihar government in 1984.
Gogabil Bird Sanctuary
This sanctuary is located at a distance of 26 km from Katihar and it is spread over an area of about 217.99 square kilometers. The area was declared a prohibited area by the government on March 21, 1990. And it remained a prohibited area till the year 2000. This wetland is rich in a variety of aquatic fauna and flora and it serves as a winter habitat for migratory birds. As soon as the winter season comes, birds like Red-headed Green, Portchai Spotbill, Tilkoot, Bahumani Goose, Lalsar, Schwanjan, Chaha, Crane, Ivis, Duck, Andhiga, etc. come here, which stay here for three to four months.Thank You