World Heritage Sites of India

World Heritage Sites of India
Posted on 06-08-2023

World Heritage Sites of India

  1. Agra Fort: A 16th-century Mughal monument known as the Red Fort of Agra. It includes the Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal built by Shah Jahan.

  2. Ajanta Caves: A group of 29 rock-cut caves featuring ancient Buddhist rock-cut cave monuments.

  3. Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda: The most ancient university in India, with archaeological remains dating from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE.

  4. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi: Considered the oldest Buddhist sanctuary in existence, featuring monolithic pillars, palaces, temples, and monasteries.

  5. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park: A site with unexcavated archaeological, historic, and living cultural heritage properties, including structures from the 8th to 14th centuries.

  6. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, it represents Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, designed by British architect F. W. Stevens.

  7. Churches and Convents of Goa: Churches from the Portuguese colonial era representing the evangelization of Asia.

  8. Elephanta Caves: Also known as Gharapuri Caves, it consists of seven caves.

  9. Ellora Caves: A complex with 34 monasteries and temples carved out of rock.

  10. Fatehpur Sikri: A Mughal capital built by Emperor Akbar, with structures like Jama Masjid.

  11. Great Living Chola Temples: Includes Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, Brihadisvara Temple at Gangaikondacholisvaram, and Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram.

  12. Group of Monuments at Hampi: The last capital of the Vijayanagar Empire, featuring numerous historical structures.

  13. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram: Known for Rathas, Mandapas, and Giant open-air reliefs.

  14. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal: Hindu temples and Jain sanctuary representing Chalukyan art.

  15. Hill Forts of Rajasthan: Consisting of six hill forts, including Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaipur, and Jaisalmer.

  16. Historic City of Ahmedabad: Founded in the 15th century by Sultan Ahmad Shah.

  17. Humayun’s Tomb: Built in 1570, it is the first garden-tomb in the Indian subcontinent.

  18. Jaipur City: Founded by Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727.

  19. Khajuraho Group of Monuments: Known for its Chandela Dynasty-built temples dedicated to Hinduism and Jainism.

  20. Mahabodhi Temple Complex: One of the four holy sites related to the Buddha’s life.

  21. Mountain Railways of India: Including Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Kalka Shimla Railway.

  22. Qutb Minar and its Monuments: The tallest tower in India, built in the 13th century.

  23. Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell): Built in Maru-Gurjara architectural style on the banks of the Saraswati River.

  24. Red Fort Complex: Built as the palace fort of Shah Jahan’s capital, Shah Jahanabad.

  25. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka: Discovered by Dr. V. S. Wakankar in 1958.

  26. Sun Temple: Built in the 13th Century and representing Kalinga architecture.

  27. Taj Mahal: Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan on the banks of the Yamuna River.

  28. The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement: Including Complexe du Capitole in Chandigarh, India.

  29. The Jantar Mantar: An astronomical observation site built by Sawai Jai Singh II.

  30. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai: Including Victorian Neo-Gothic public buildings and Art Deco buildings in Mumbai.

  31. Great Himalayan National Park-Conservation Area: Located in Himachal Pradesh, featuring high alpine peaks and riverine forests.

  32. Kaziranga National Park: Located in Assam, known for its diverse wildlife and the one-horned rhinoceros.

  33. Keoladeo National Park: Formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, a significant wintering area for migratory birds.

  34. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary: The first reserve included in the Project Tiger network and a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.

  35. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks: Known for the Nanda Devi West, the world's third-highest peak.

  36. Sundarbans National Park: Forms part of the Gangetic Delta.

  37. Western Ghats: One of the world's biodiversity hotspots.

  38. Khangchendzonga National Park: Features Mount Khangchendzonga, the third-highest peak in the world.

  39. Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple: Built in the 13th century CE, showcasing Kakatiyan architectural marvels.

  40. Dholavira: An ancient metropolis from the Indus Valley Civilization in Gujarat.

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